Fetterbush (Pieris floribunda)

Common names:
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Give a thumbs up Mountain Fetterbush
Give a thumbs up Mountain Pieris
Give a thumbs up Mountain Andromeda

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Shrub
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Partial or Dappled Shade
Partial Shade to Full Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Strongly acid (5.1 – 5.5)
Moderately acid (5.6 – 6.0)
Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 4a -34.4 °C (-30 °F) to -31.7 °C (-25 °F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 7a
Plant Height: 4 to 6 feet (1.2-1.8 m)
Plant Spread: 3 to 6 feet (.9-1.8 m)
Leaves: Evergreen
Broadleaf
Fruit: Other: brown globular capsules
Fruiting Time: Fall
Late fall or early winter
Winter
Flowers: Showy
Fragrant
Blooms on old wood
Flower Color: White
Flower Time: Late winter or early spring
Uses: Provides winter interest
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Resistances: Deer Resistant
Propagation: Seeds: Other info: sow on peat with light under mist from seed collected in Nov
Propagation: Other methods: Cuttings: Stem
Cuttings: Tip
Pollinators: Bumblebees
Bees
Miscellaneous: Monoecious

erect flower clusters

Photo gallery:
Location: Jenkins Arboretum in Berwyn, PennsylvaniaDate: 2006-04-19erect flower clusters
By ILPARW
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Location: Jenkins Arboretum in Berwyn, PennsylvaniaDate: 2012-03-18flowers and leaves
By ILPARW
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Location: Jenkins Arboretum in Berwyn, PennsylvaniaDate: 2012-03-18erect flower clusters
By ILPARW
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Location: Jenkins Arboretum in Berwyn, PennsylvaniaDate: 2012-03-18close-up of flowers
By ILPARW
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Location: Jenkins Arboretum in Berwyn, PennsylvaniaDate: 2012-03-18branch tip with leaves and flowers
By ILPARW
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Location: Jenkins Arboretum in Berwyn, PennsylvaniaDate: 2012-04-29shrub in bloom
By ILPARW
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Location: Jenkins Arboretum in Berwyn, PennsylvaniaDate: 2012-03-18shrub in bloom
By ILPARW
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Location: Jenkins Arboretum in Berwyn, PennsylvaniaDate: 2012-03-18erect flower clusters and some leaves
By ILPARW
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Location: Jenkins Arboretum in Berwyn, PennsylvaniaDate: 2012-03-18the stems and bark and base of the plant
By ILPARW
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Comments:
Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Nov 17, 2017 9:46 AM

Native to the Appalachian Mountains of West Virginia, Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, and north Georgia, growing in mesic to dry soils in heath balds, mountain woods, and cool mountain meadows. This beautiful broadleaf evergreen is rare in landscapes because it is difficult to propagate either by seed or by cuttings. It is also sensitive and can die out. The specimens I took photos of at Jenkins Arboretum in southeast Pennsylvania were wonderful for quite a number of years, but when a nearby tree was removed and more sunshine came upon the few plants, they died out in 2016. It definitely needs shade and protection from strong winds. It is more tolerant of Azalea Lacebug than the common Japanese species. It differs from the Japanese species in that it bears its flowers clusters upright and erect, while the Japanese species flower clusters droop down, and its leaves are less oblong being 1 to 3 inches long by 1/2 to 1 inch wide with short black pubescence on each leaf surface, and twigs have hairiness. It is slow growing of about 3 to 6 feet in 5 to 8 years and it is hard to transplant having deep fibrous roots. It bears brown globular capsules about 1/2 inch long and the seed is occasionally eaten by birds. (There is a hybrid of this species and the Japanese species that has a cultivar called 'Brouwer's Beauty' that bears its flower clusters erect and drooping at the same time. This cultivar is easy to propagate and is offered by a good number of nurseries.) There is an article from North Carolina University called "In Vitro Colonization of Micropropagated Pieris Floribunda by Ericoid Microrhizae Establishment of Mycorrhizae Microshoots" that deals with better propagation of this American species.

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