Two-Needle Pinon Pine (Pinus edulis)

Common names:
Give a thumbs up Two-Needle Pinon Pine
Give a thumbs up Pinyon Pine
Give a thumbs up Pinyon
Give a thumbs up Rocky Mountain Pinyon Pine
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Give a thumbs up Colorado Pinyon Pine
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General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Tree
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Water Preferences: Mesic
Dry Mesic
Dry
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 5a -28.9 °C (-20 °F) to -26.1 °C (-15 °F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 8a
Plant Height: 15 to 20 feet (4.5-6 m)
Plant Spread: 10 to 15 feet (3-4.5 m)
Leaves: Evergreen
Needled
Fruit: Edible to birds
Suitable Locations: Xeriscapic
Edible Parts: Fruit
Resistances: Drought tolerant
Propagation: Seeds: Self fertile
Pollinators: Wind
Containers: Not suitable for containers
Miscellaneous: Tolerates poor soil
Conservation status: Least Concern (LC)

Conservation status:
Conservation status: Least Concern
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Photo gallery:
Location: Capitol Reef, UtahDate: 2015-09-20
By dave
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Location: Sunset Crater National Monument, ArizonaDate: 2015-05-11Immature cones
By Kelli
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Location: Capitol Reef, UtahDate: 2015-09-19
By dave
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Location: Capitol Reef, UtahDate: 2015-09-19
By dave
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Location: Denver CO MetroDate: 2012-01-2730 year old pinon in my neighborhood.
By Skiekitty
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Location: Capitol Reef, UtahDate: 2015-09-20
By dave
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Location: Morton Arboretum in Lisle, IllinoisDate: 2019-11-24two maturing trees
By ILPARW
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Location: Morton Arboretum in Lisle, IllinoisDate: 2019-11-24foliage with tag
By ILPARW
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Location: Morton Arboretum in Lisle, IllinoisDate: 2019-11-24the bigger tree in the Conifer Collection
By ILPARW
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Comments:
Posted by robertduval14 (Mason, New Hampshire - Zone 5b) on Apr 19, 2013 3:35 PM

New Mexico's state tree.

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Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Dec 2, 2019 8:28 AM

I never expected to find any kind of Pinyon Pine in northeast Illinois, but Morton Arboretum did have two specimens in their Conifer Collection that I came upon them in November of 2019. I thought the more humid climate would be too much for these western plants. I have seen this Two-leaved Pinyon Pine on the mountain slopes of northern Arizona in 1970 and then in 1992. This is the most abundant species of four different species of Pinyon Pine in the southwestern US and Mexico. This specific species is native to dry mountain slopes, mesas, and plateaus of northern Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, Utah, and some areas nearby that, even a little into Mexico. The bluish-green needles of this species is mostly in 2's, but can have some singly or in 3's and about 0.8 to 1.6 inches long. The tree grows 20 to 65 feet high with a dense, conic-rounded crown. The bark is red-brown and is shallowly and irregularly furrowed with rounded scaly ridges. The short, fat cones about 1.4 to 2 inches long and wide have thick scales and hold the large seeds deeply in the cones so that they do not fall out easily and are more available for birds to eat. The seeds are edible for humans too. It grows about 6 to 12 inches/year.

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Plant Events from our members
dave On February 12, 2017 Seeds germinated
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Discussion Threads about this plant
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Have: Perennial Vegetable Seeds (Turkish Rocket, Hablitzia, Good King Henry) by infiniteohms Oct 7, 2016 10:02 PM 3

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