General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Tree
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Partial or Dappled Shade
Partial Shade to Full Shade
Water Preferences: Wet
Wet Mesic
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 3 -40 °C (-40 °F) to -37.2 °C (-35)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 9a
Plant Height: 10 feet to 60 feet or more
Plant Spread: 3 to 4 feet
Leaves: Good fall color
Fruit: Edible to birds
Fruiting Time: Summer
Flowers: Inconspicuous
Flower Color: Green
Other: Greenish-yellow
Bloom Size: Under 1"
Flower Time: Late winter or early spring
Underground structures: Taproot
Suitable Locations: Bog gardening
Uses: Shade Tree
Useful for timber production
Dynamic Accumulator: Mg (Magnesium)
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Resistances: Humidity tolerant
Propagation: Seeds: Self fertile
Propagation: Other methods: Cuttings: Stem
Cuttings: Root
Pollinators: Bees
Containers: Not suitable for containers
Miscellaneous: Dioecious

Common names
  • Black Willow
  • Gulf Black Willow

  • Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Jan 8, 2018 6:09 PM concerning plant:
    Black Willow is a common tree in swamps, bottomlands, and along watercourses, ponds, and lakes from southern Maine to northwest Florida to central Texas through most of Oklahoma & eastern Kansas & Iowa to southeast Minnesota, most of Wisconsin, and southern Michigan; plus, along some rivers in the Southwest. It usually is about 30 to 40 feet high with several trunks and an irregular crown. The leaves are 3 to 6 inches long x 0.5 to 0.8 inches wide. The old bark becomes brown to almost black that is heavily ridged. The dry fruit is a 1 inch long strobili releasing minute seed with silky white hairs that are eaten by birds and small mammals. Native willows provide food for many beneficial insects whose caterpillars and other larvae feed on foliage and then feed birds and other animals. Fast growing of about 3 to 6 feet/year and lives about 60 to 85 years. Some native nurseries sell some for very naturalistic landscapes or land restorations.

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