Red Elderberry (Sambucus racemosa)

Common names:
Give a thumbs up Red Elderberry
Give a thumbs up Red Elder

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Shrub
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Partial or Dappled Shade
Water Preferences: Wet Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Strongly acid (5.1 – 5.5)
Moderately acid (5.6 – 6.0)
Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Slightly alkaline (7.4 – 7.8)
Plant Height: 10-20 feet
Plant Spread: 10-12 feet
Leaves: Deciduous
Fruit: Showy
Edible to birds
Fruiting Time: Summer
Flowers: Showy
Flower Color: White
Bloom Size: Under 1"
Flower Time: Spring
Uses: Will Naturalize
Suitable for forage
Edible Parts: Fruit
Eating Methods: Cooked
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Toxicity: Leaves are poisonous
Roots are poisonous
Other: Contain cyanide-producing toxins. Berries may be eaten cooked or fermented.
Pollinators: Various insects
Conservation status: Least Concern (LC)

Conservation status:
Conservation status: Least Concern
A volunteer

Posted by Bonehead (Planet Earth - Zone 8b) on Oct 28, 2012 3:31 PM

Native in the Pacific Northwest, and in much of North America, except the southern states. Found in forests, fields, and wet areas. Grows rapidly from berries planted by birds. The fruit is high in ascorbic acid. The stems, bark, leaves, and roots contain cyanide producing toxins, but the berries may be consumed after cooking (for jellies or wine).

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Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
What is this shrub/tree? by RookiePresent Nov 17, 2020 12:03 PM 10
Can I compost danewort? by MariaGeorgieva Jun 14, 2020 1:28 PM 1
plant id question by idn May 28, 2019 4:16 PM 4
Driving me crazy! by CatePepper May 2, 2019 7:11 PM 7
Help with identification of tree by Beeditt Apr 10, 2019 1:49 PM 4
This a weed? by Anderwood Jun 12, 2018 9:56 PM 2
Elderflowers by Colr May 30, 2018 10:26 AM 8
Red Elderberry? by Anderwood Jun 28, 2017 8:43 PM 12
transplanting? by outofthegreen Jul 19, 2016 8:06 PM 19
Any ideas who this interloper might be? by woofie Jun 12, 2016 9:01 AM 14

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