|Sun Requirements:||Full Sun
|Soil pH Preferences:||Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Slightly alkaline (7.4 – 7.8)
Moderately alkaline (7.9 – 8.4)
|Minimum cold hardiness:||Zone 2 -45.6 °C (-50 °F) to -42.8 °C (-45°F)
|Maximum recommended zone:||Zone 6b
|Plant Height:||6 to 12 feet, to about 20 feet|
|Plant Spread:||6 to 12 feet, to somewhat wider|
|Leaves:||Unusual foliage color
Other: leaves are simple, obovate, silvery gray on both top and bottom and about 1 to 2 inches long and about 3/8 inches wide.
Edible to birds
Other: orange-red (rarely yellow) drupe-like fruit is 0.16 to 0.24 inch (4-6 mm) dia. and one seeded; somewhat sour but edible; often used in jam.
|Fruiting Time:||Late summer or early fall
Other: ripening occurs from Jul to Sep; if uneaten, fruit may dry and remain on the shrub until the following spring.
Blooms on old wood
Other: male and female flowers are found on separate plants; in early spring (late April), yellow male flowers are quite noticeable; female flowers remain inconspicuous.
|Bloom Size:||Under 1"
Other: flowering generally occurs from late Apr to May but may occur as late as Jul at higher elevations.
|Uses:||Windbreak or Hedge
|Dynamic Accumulator:||Nitrogen fixer
|Propagation: Seeds:||Self fertile
Stratify seeds: soak 2 to 24 hours in warm water then cold/moist stratify for 30 to 90 days at 39 to 41 degF (4 to 5 degC) or fall sow without stratification.
Depth to plant seed: surface sow on moist soil, tamp and cover with sand or sow non-stratified seed 1/4 to 1/2 inches deep outdoors.
Suitable for wintersowing
Sow in situ
Can handle transplanting
Other info: approximately 43000 seeds per pound.
|Propagation: Other methods:||Offsets
|Miscellaneous:||Tolerates poor soil