General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Herb/Forb
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 2 -45.6 °C (-50 °F) to -42.8 °C (-45°F)
Plant Height: 24 - 60 inches
Plant Spread: 12 - 24 inches
Leaves: Semi-evergreen
Fragrant
Fruit: Showy
Flowers: Showy
Flower Color: Yellow
Bloom Size: Under 1"
Flower Time: Late summer or early fall
Fall
Late fall or early winter
Underground structures: Rhizome
Suitable Locations: Xeriscapic
Uses: Erosion control
Groundcover
Medicinal Herb
Will Naturalize
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Birds
Butterflies
Propagation: Seeds: Self fertile
Stratify seeds: 3 months at 40 degrees
Suitable for wintersowing
Sow in situ
Propagation: Other methods: Cuttings: Stem
Division
Pollinators: Various insects

Image
Common names
  • Goldenrod
  • Canada Goldenrod
  • Canadian Goldenrod
  • Giant Goldenrod
  • Tall Goldenrod

Photo Gallery
Location: 8th Lake Carry, Inlet, Hamilton county, New York
Date: 2022-09-07
Goldenrod (Solidago canadensis) with bees
Location: Friedens, PA
Date: 2018-09-05
Welcome sign of Fall
Location: Hohe Tauern - Austria
Location: Hohe Tauern - Austria
Date: 2018-07-22
Location: Natural Area in Northeastern Indiana
Date: Sep 28, 2011 1:19 PM
Location: French Creek State Park, PA
Date: 2021-09-21
native meadow with lots of Canada Goldenrod
Location: Nature reserve, Gent, Belgium
Date: 2009-10-15
Location: Twisp
Date: 2015-07-12
Blooming early this year
Location: 8th Lake Carry, Inlet, Hamilton County, New York
Date: 2022-09-07
Goldenrod (Solidago canadensis) with New England asters
Location: Hohe Tauern - Austria
Location: Nature reserve, Gent, Belgium
Date: 2008-08-03
Location: My Northeastern Indiana Gardens - Zone 5b
Date: 2012-08-27
Basal rosette.
Location: Nature reserve, Gent, Belgium
Date: 2011-09-22
Location: Nature reserve, Gent, Belgium
Date: 2011-09-30

Date: July
Location: Brookhaven, Pennsylvania
Date: 2012-10-24
close-up of flowers with pollinator
Location: Columbus, Ohio USA, Zone 6b
Date: 2021-05-24
Bloom is dried to put in a flower arrangement
Location: Natural Area in Northern Indiana
Date: Sep 28, 2011 1:19 PM
Location: Natural Area in Northern Indiana
Date: Sep 28, 2011 1:19 PM
Location: My yard in Arlington, Texas.
Date: Fall 2010
Bees love this plant.
Location: Twisp
Date: May
Location: Darwell Rolling Woods, Alberta
Date: 2007-07-15
Location: My yard in Arlington, Texas.
Date: Spring 2010
The Plant in  early spring.

photo credit: Jeevan Jose, Kerala, India

photo credit: Jeevan Jose, Kerala, India
This plant is tagged in:
Image Image Image

Comments:
  • Posted by Chillybean (Iowa - Zone 5a) on Oct 11, 2015 4:47 PM concerning plant:
    This plant is native to much of North America, except for a handful of south-eastern states and a portion of northern Canada. It is one of the more aggressive Goldenrods. In prairie restorations it easily can take over.

    This plant is often blamed for allergy sufferers' misery. It is not the Goldenrod's fault, but the Ragweed that also blooms at the same time. Goldenrod needs insects for pollination, but the Ragweed is wind pollinated.

    This is a later-blooming plant, so it is an important food source for a variety of bees, wasps, and other beneficial insects. The wasps and soldier beetles attracted to this plant help control many pest insects. The nectar feeds many butterflies and moths. Birds and small mammals eat the seeds. Deer and rabbits will on occasion eat the foliage.

    We planted a patch of native seeds this spring, and kept it mowed down. This plant grew so much faster than anything else, so we mowed around this plant. It was unidentified for much of the summer, until I noticed some red aphids of varying sizes on it. Those Red Goldenrod aphids ended up helping us give this plant a name. They are a native species of aphids, so we let them go and watched what happened. The plant was large enough that we figured it could sustain any damage. It did this and more. It bloomed profusely late in August, creating such a beautiful display.

    I grew up in Nebraska and heard of the state flower, Goldenrod. The most I knew, it was a color in a box of Crayons. It wasn't until moving to Iowa that I gained an appreciation for this flower and the large amount of life it attracts.
  • Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Feb 23, 2018 12:20 PM concerning plant:
    This Canada Goldenrod is a very common forb in meadows and prairies from Newfoundland to southern Manitoba and southward into the South of the US. This is one of the Goldenrod species that has survived the big change in eastern North American meadows from being all native before settlement to having more European plants in composition than American natives. It is one of the goldenrods of the Plume-like, Parallel-veined leaved species that includes the Tall Goldenrod, the Sweet Goldenrod, and the Late Goldenrod. Have fun trying to tell them apart. The leaf margins are sharply toothed most of the leaf length. It spreads powerfully by the underground roots (rhizomes) and is not desirable in standard gardens. I don't know of any nurseries selling any. Like other Goldenrods, it is an excellent pollinator plant for many insects.
  • Posted by KFredenburg (Black Hills, SD - Zone 5a) on Jun 23, 2020 8:52 PM concerning plant:
    Habitat: meadows and open forest. Range: across Canada and throughout the United States.
  • Posted by Newyorkrita (North Shore, Long Island, NY ) on Sep 29, 2011 2:34 PM concerning plant:
    All Goldenrod is very attrective to honey bees, bumblebees and other pollinating insects. Also, an excellent choice to add vivid fall color to the garden, especially if you are looking for an alternative to the usual mums.
  • Posted by Catmint20906 (PNW WA half hour south of Olympia - Zone 8a) on Aug 8, 2014 7:54 AM concerning plant:
    Solidago canadensis is a key nectar source for Monarchs and other butterflies, and is a Monarch Way Station plant.

    According to NPIN, this plant has special value to native and honey bees and supports conservation biological control by attracting beneficial insects to the gardens.

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