Goldenrod (Solidago canadensis) in the Goldenrods Database

Common names:
Give a thumbs up Goldenrod
Give a thumbs up Canada Goldenrod
Give a thumbs up Canadian Goldenrod
Give a thumbs up Giant Goldenrod
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General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Herb/Forb
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 2 -45.6 °C (-50 °F) to -42.8 °C (-45°F)
Plant Height: 24 - 60 inches
Plant Spread: 12 - 24 inches
Leaves: Semi-evergreen
Fragrant
Fruit: Showy
Flowers: Showy
Flower Color: Yellow
Bloom Size: Under 1"
Flower Time: Late summer or early fall
Fall
Late fall or early winter
Underground structures: Rhizome
Suitable Locations: Xeriscapic
Uses: Erosion control
Groundcover
Medicinal Herb
Will Naturalize
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Birds
Butterflies
Propagation: Seeds: Self fertile
Stratify seeds: 3 months at 40 degrees
Suitable for wintersowing
Sow in situ
Propagation: Other methods: Cuttings: Stem
Division
Pollinators: Various insects

Welcome sign of Fall

The Top 50 All Things Plants WildflowersThe Top 50 All Things Plants Wildflowers
October 18, 2014

It's hard to figure out which plants are wildflowers and which ones aren't, so lists like these are hard to come up with. Nevertheless, with help from our members we made a list of areas of the database that qualify, and here's the top 50 most popular species from among them!

(Full article12 comments)
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Photo gallery:
Location: Friedens, PADate: 2018-09-05Welcome sign of Fall
By apletree
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Location: Natural Area in Northeastern IndianaDate: Sep 28, 2011 1:19 PM
By chelle
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Location: Nature reserve, Gent, BelgiumDate: 2009-10-15
By bonitin
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Location: Nature reserve, Gent, BelgiumDate: 2008-08-03
By bonitin
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Location: My Northeastern Indiana Gardens - Zone 5bDate: 2012-08-27Basal rosette.
By chelle
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Location: Nature reserve, Gent, BelgiumDate: 2011-09-22
By bonitin
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Location: Nature reserve, Gent, BelgiumDate: 2011-09-30
By bonitin
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Location: TwispDate: 2015-07-12Blooming early this year
By lauribob
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Location: Brookhaven, PennsylvaniaDate: 2012-10-24close-up of flowers with pollinator
By ILPARW
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Location: Natural Area in Northern IndianaDate: Sep 28, 2011 1:19 PM
By chelle
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Location: My yard in Arlington, Texas.Date: Fall 2010Bees love this plant.
By frostweed
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Location: TwispDate: May
By lauribob
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Location: Natural Area in Northern IndianaDate: Sep 28, 2011 1:19 PM
By chelle
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This plant is tagged in:
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Comments:
Posted by Chillybean (Iowa - Zone 5a) on Oct 11, 2015 4:47 PM

This plant is native to much of North America, except for a handful of south-eastern states and a portion of northern Canada. It is one of the more aggressive Goldenrods. In prairie restorations it easily can take over.

This plant is often blamed for allergy sufferers' misery. It is not the Goldenrod's fault, but the Ragweed that also blooms at the same time. Goldenrod needs insects for pollination, but the Ragweed is wind pollinated.

This is a later-blooming plant, so it is an important food source for a variety of bees, wasps, and other beneficial insects. The wasps and soldier beetles attracted to this plant help control many pest insects. The nectar feeds many butterflies and moths. Birds and small mammals eat the seeds. Deer and rabbits will on occasion eat the foliage.

We planted a patch of native seeds this spring, and kept it mowed down. This plant grew so much faster than anything else, so we mowed around this plant. It was unidentified for much of the summer, until I noticed some red aphids of varying sizes on it. Those Red Goldenrod aphids ended up helping us give this plant a name. They are a native species of aphids, so we let them go and watched what happened. The plant was large enough that we figured it could sustain any damage. It did this and more. It bloomed profusely late in August, creating such a beautiful display.

I grew up in Nebraska and heard of the state flower, Goldenrod. The most I knew, it was a color in a box of Crayons. It wasn't until moving to Iowa that I gained an appreciation for this flower and the large amount of life it attracts.

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Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Feb 23, 2018 12:20 PM

This Canada Goldenrod is a very common forb in meadows and prairies from Newfoundland to southern Manitoba and southward into the South of the US. This is one of the Goldenrod species that has survived the big change in eastern North American meadows from being all native before settlement to having more European plants in composition than American natives. It is one of the goldenrods of the Plume-like, Parallel-veined leaved species that includes the Tall Goldenrod, the Sweet Goldenrod, and the Late Goldenrod. Have fun trying to tell them apart. The leaf margins are sharply toothed most of the leaf length. It spreads powerfully by the underground roots (rhizomes) and is not desirable in standard gardens. I don't know of any nurseries selling any. Like other Goldenrods, it is an excellent pollinator plant for many insects.

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Posted by Newyorkrita (North Shore, Long Island, NY ) on Sep 29, 2011 2:34 PM

All Goldenrod is very attrective to honey bees, bumblebees and other pollinating insects. Also, an excellent choice to add vivid fall color to the garden, especially if you are looking for an alternative to the usual mums.

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Posted by Catmint20906 (Maryland - Zone 7a) on Aug 8, 2014 7:54 AM

Solidago canadensis is a key nectar source for Monarchs and other butterflies, and is a Monarch Way Station plant.

According to NPIN, this plant has special value to native and honey bees and supports conservation biological control by attracting beneficial insects to the gardens.

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Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
weed by Sandracochran09 Aug 9, 2019 3:58 PM 4
What should I add? by starbookworm Oct 19, 2018 2:23 PM 9
Weed or Plant 2 by Amber218 Jun 27, 2018 3:54 PM 4
I don't think we planted this. by Muddy1 May 26, 2018 6:08 PM 5
plant identity by batsmurf69 Feb 4, 2018 10:53 AM 4
Pasture invader by johio Jun 24, 2017 2:44 PM 9
Weed or Plant? Help, I'm clueless. by dcunni Jun 11, 2017 10:42 AM 8
Need ID on several from 10/24, Memphis, TN by jimbird Oct 27, 2016 5:35 PM 7
Solidago #3 by upat5 Aug 5, 2016 8:51 AM 16
Solidago #2 by upat5 Aug 4, 2016 10:25 AM 0

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