Wakerobin (Trillium erectum) in the Trilliums Database

Common names:
Give a thumbs up Wakerobin
Give a thumbs up Red Trillium
Give a thumbs up Purple Trillium
Give a thumbs up Stinking-Benjamin
Give a thumbs up American Wood Lily
Give a thumbs up Stinking Benjamin
Give a thumbs up Beth Root
Give a thumbs up Lamb's Quaters
Give a thumbs up Wet Dog

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Herb/Forb
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Partial or Dappled Shade
Partial Shade to Full Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 9b
Plant Height: 6 - 18 inches
Plant Spread: 6 - 12 inches
Leaves: Unusual foliage color
Spring ephemeral
Other: The above ground parts of Trilliums are scapes with three large, leaf-like bracts with the true leaves reduced to underground papery coverings around the rhizomes.
Flowers: Showy
Flower Color: Red
Bloom Size: 1"-2"
Flower Time: Spring
Underground structures: Rhizome
Uses: Groundcover
Will Naturalize
Toxicity: Leaves are poisonous
Propagation: Seeds: Stratify seeds: Seeds need alternating periods of warm and cold stratification to germinate
Sow in situ
Seeds are hydrophilic
Other info: Plants can be grown from seed, but it can take up to two years for fresh seed to germinate and another five to seven years for plants to bloom.
Propagation: Other methods: Division
Other: Trilliums are not bulbs and don’t like drying out. They lose all living roots and will become limp and have little chance of surviving beyond the first season if bare rooted for any time.
Pollinators: Flies
Miscellaneous: Endangered


Knowing the Names of Plants That Share Your WorldKnowing the Names of Plants That Share Your World
April 26, 2012

To know the names of the plants with which you live, is to have an intimacy with the land that few find.

(Full article10 comments)
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Posted by Marilyn (Northern KY - Zone 6a) on May 25, 2013 4:10 AM

"Trillium erectum, also known as wake-robin, red trillium, purple trillium, Beth root, or stinking Benjamin, is a species of flowering plant native to the east and north-east of North America. It is a Spring ephemeral, an herbaceous perennial whose life-cycle is synchronised with that of the deciduous forests where it lives.

This plant grows to about 40 cm (16 in) in height with a spread of 30 cm (12 in), and can tolerate extreme cold in winter, surviving temperatures down to −35 °C (−31 °F). Like all trilliums, its parts are in groups of three, with 3-petalled flowers above whorls of pointed triple leaves. The leaves contain calcium oxalate crystals and crystal raphide, and should not be consumed by humans. The flowers are a deep red colour, though there is a white form. The flowers have the smell of rotting meat, as they are pollinated by flies.

The plant takes its name "wake-robin" by analogy with the Robin, which has a red breast heralding spring."

Taken from wikipedia's page at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/T...

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Discussion Threads about this plant
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Calling All Botanical Explorers! by JHeirloomSeeds Aug 10, 2019 4:11 PM 66
Trillium sp. ID needed—southeast Michigan. by NullValue May 13, 2017 2:47 PM 3
Yardening in the Mid-Atlantic by Eric4home Aug 22, 2019 7:32 PM 3,044
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