Data specific to Violas (Edit)
Flowers: Stem
Growth habit: Compact/mounding

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Herb/Forb
Life cycle: Perennial
Water Preferences: Mesic
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 2 -45.6 °C (-50 °F) to -42.8 °C (-45°F)
Plant Height: About 4 inches.
Flowers: Showy
Flower Color: Lavender
Multi-Color: With white and dark purple stripes on the lower petal.
Bloom Size: Under 1"
Flower Time: Spring
Foliage Mound Height: About 6 inches.
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Propagation: Seeds: Self fertile
Stratify seeds
Sow in situ
Start indoors
Can handle transplanting
Propagation: Other methods: Cuttings: Stem
Cuttings: Root
Pollinators: Various insects

Common names
  • Marsh Violet
  • Western Blue Violet
  • Early Blue Violet
  • Mountain Blue Violet
  • Hookspur Violet
  • Western Dog Violet
  • Hookedspur Violet

Photo Gallery
Location: Lake Twenty-Two Research Natural Area
photo credit: Walter Siegmund
Location: Olympic National Forest, Hood Canal Ranger District
Photo courtesy of: J.Brew
Location: My garden, Calgary, Alberta, Canada; zone 3.
Date: 2011-05-30
Location: Early blue violet (Viola adunca) on Olympic National Forest Mount Townsend Trail
Date: 2010-07-27
Photo courtesy of: Miguel Vieira

Photo courtesy of Annie's Annuals and Perennials
  • Uploaded by Joy
Location: Lake Twenty-Two Research Natural Area
photo credit: Walter Siegmund

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