Hercules Club (Zanthoxylum clava-herculis)

Common names:
Give a thumbs up Hercules Club
Give a thumbs up Toothache Tree
Give a thumbs up Tingle Tongue Tree

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Shrub
Tree
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Dry Mesic
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 7b -15 °C (5 °F) to -12.2 °C (10 °F)
Plant Height: 25-40 feet
Plant Spread: 15-20 feet
Leaves: Fragrant
Other: deer like to feed on the leaves
Fruit: Showy
Edible to birds
Flowers: Showy
Fragrant
Flower Color: White
Other: Greenish-white hanging in long panicles
Flower Time: Spring
Underground structures: Rhizome
Uses: Will Naturalize
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Birds
Butterflies
Resistances: Deer Resistant
Rabbit Resistant
Drought tolerant
Propagation: Seeds: Self fertile
Other info: birds eat the seeds & distribute them
Containers: Not suitable for containers
Miscellaneous: Tolerates poor soil
With thorns/spines/prickles/teeth
Dioecious

Image

Comments:
Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Sep 12, 2020 8:02 AM

This Hercules-Club gets its common name from mature trunks having knobs, making it look like one of those clubs having knobs on the surface. It is also called the Southern Prickley-Ash or the Southern Toothache Tree. It grows larger than the Northern Prickley-Ash of Z. americanum with more leathery leaves. The compound leaves are 5 to 8 inches long with usually 7 to 9 leaflets, though up to 19 is possible. The small greenish-yellow flowers and fruit are borne terminally rather than auxiliary as with the more northern species. Native along the coast of Virginia into Florida to east Texas & Oklahoma.

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Posted by plantladylin (Sebastian, Florida - Zone 10a) on Oct 19, 2011 8:17 AM

The Hercules' Club tree is a spiny shrub or tree native to the Southeastern United States. Attaining heights to 40 feet, it has waxy, leathery dark green leaves, a rounded crown and thick corky bumps on the bark that fade and disappear as the tree ages. One common name for this tree is "Toothache Tree" due to chewing of the leaves causes numbness in the mouth, tongue and teeth. Leaves were used for medicinal purposes by Native Americans and early settlers to relieve toothaches. Numerous birds eat the fruit of this tree and it's also a host plant for the Giant Swallowtail Butterfly.

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Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
this belongs with the other Toothache Tree of Hercules-Club by ILPARW Sep 13, 2020 2:13 PM 3
Beefriends and Other Friends too!! two and II by dirtdorphins Aug 17, 2016 9:33 AM 1,345
tree riddle by texaskitty111 Nov 26, 2014 12:59 PM 7
Hercules Club (Zanthoxylum clava-herculis); a thorny question by flaflwrgrl Mar 15, 2012 6:16 PM 6
Giant Swallowtail Life Cycle by TexasPuddyPrint Aug 13, 2011 11:39 AM 21

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