General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Shrub
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Partial or Dappled Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Dry Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Strongly acid (5.1 – 5.5)
Moderately acid (5.6 – 6.0)
Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 5a -28.9 °C (-20 °F) to -26.1 °C (-15 °F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 8b
Plant Height: 8-16 feet, rarely 32 feet
Leaves: Evergreen
Fruit: Showy
Edible to birds
Other: 1/4 inch globose black drupe.
Fruiting Time: Fall
Flowers: Inconspicuous
Flower Color: Other: Greenish-white
Bloom Size: Under 1"
Flower Time: Spring
Late spring or early summer
Uses: Windbreak or Hedge
Provides winter interest
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Resistances: Deer Resistant
Drought tolerant
Toxicity: Fruit is poisonous
Propagation: Other methods: Cuttings: Stem
Pollinators: Bees
Miscellaneous: Tolerates poor soil

Common names
  • Japanese Holly
  • Boxleaf Holly
  • Box-Leaved Holly
  • Inutsuge
Botanical names
  • Accepted: Ilex crenata
  • Synonym: Ilex crenata f. convexa

Photo Gallery
Location: Fairfax VA | January 2023
Date: 2023-01-26
Location: Morpeth, Northumberland, UK
Date: 2016-05-20
Location: Washington 8b
Date: 2017-10-03
Location: Orangeburg, SC
Date: 2014-4-21
Japanese Holly (Ilex Crenata)
Location: Morpeth, Northumberland, UK
Date: 2016-05-20
A popular alternative to Box

photo credit: Dalgial
Location: Waynesboro MS
Date: 2007-01-06

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