PlantsViolas→Johnny Jump-Up (Viola tricolor)

Common names:
Give a thumbs up Johnny Jump-Up
Give a thumbs up Heartsease
Give a thumbs up Herb Trinit
Give a thumbs up Wild Pansy
Give a thumbs up Pinkeney John
Give a thumbs up Call-Me-to-You
Give a thumbs up Love-in-Idleness

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Herb/Forb
Life cycle: Perennial
Water Preferences: Mesic
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 2 -45.6 °C (-50 °F) to -42.8 °C (-45°F)
Plant Height: 7-10 inches
Flowers: Showy
Uses: Suitable for miniature gardens
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Butterflies
Propagation: Seeds: Self fertile
Days to germinate: 14 to 21 days
Suitable for wintersowing
Sow in situ
Start indoors
Can handle transplanting
Other info: Needs darkness to germinate, so a very thin covering of soil over the seed is recommended.
Propagation: Other methods: Cuttings: Stem
Cuttings: Root
Division
Pollinators: Self
Bees

Image

The Need for Garden SentimentalityThe Need for Garden Sentimentality
By bennysplace on May 30, 2016

Grandma’s roses, great grandma’s irises, historical perennials, heirloom bulbs, vintage gardening, and plants of historical importance – these are all terms that call out to the sentimental gardener.

(Full article7 comments)
Give a thumbs up

Photo gallery:
Date: 2008-07-14
By Calif_Sue
Give a thumbs up
Location: Ann Arbor, MichiganDate: 2020-06-27Violas still going strong at the end of June
By dnrevel
Give a thumbs up
Location: Athol, MADate: 2017-05-01Such happy plants!
By joannakat
Give a thumbs up
Location: My garden, central NJ, Zone 7ADate: 2018-04-25Clump of self sowed Johnny Jump Ups
By Njiris
Give a thumbs up
Location: Athol, MADate: 2017-05-01First spring bloom.
By joannakat
Give a thumbs up
Location: My garden near Lincoln UKDate: 2010-05-19They turn up in different places where they are happy!
By JRsbugs
Give a thumbs up
Location: In our garden - Central Valley area, CADate: 2011-03-29Container gardening with Violas
By tarev
Give a thumbs up
Location: My Northeastern Indiana Gardens - Zone 5bDate: 2012-05-18Easy from seed;)
By chelle
Give a thumbs up
 Courtesy Outsidepride
By vic
Give a thumbs up
Location: Bronx NYDate: 2017-05-07First bloom on tiny plant!
By bxncbx
Give a thumbs up
Location: Lake Macquarie, N.S.W., AustraliaDate: 2014-10-09
By carolem
Give a thumbs up
Location: Lake Macquarie, N.S.W., AustraliaDate: 2010-10-09
By carolem
Give a thumbs up
Location: Coastal San Diego County Date: 2018-02-05
By carlysuko
Give a thumbs up
Date: 2008-05-15
By Calif_Sue
Give a thumbs up
Location: In our garden - Central Valley area, CADate: 18-Feb-2011Close-up of Viola
By tarev
Give a thumbs up
Location: My Northeastern Indiana Gardens - Zone 5bDate: 2012-05-18Reverse
By chelle
Give a thumbs up
Image
By SongofJoy
Give a thumbs up
Location: Coastal San Diego County Date: 2017-11-19
By carlysuko
Give a thumbs up
Courtesy Outsidepride
By Joy
Give a thumbs up
Location: My garden near Lincoln UKDate: 2010-08-15They make many colours!
By JRsbugs
Give a thumbs up
Location: My garden near Lincoln UKDate: 2010-08-14I have them setting around, when they set in the grass that had t
By JRsbugs
Give a thumbs up
Location: TennesseeDate: 2012-01-24Seedlings
By SongofJoy
Give a thumbs up
Location: Wildseed Farms, Fredericksburg, TX
By dave
Give a thumbs up
Location: My Northeastern Indiana Gardens - Zone 5bDate: 2012-05-14
By chelle
Give a thumbs up
By Johan Spaedtke via Wikimedia Commons
By SongofJoy
Give a thumbs up
By Arend from Oosterhout, Netherlands via Wikimedia Commons
By SongofJoy
Give a thumbs up
Location: Viola tricolor. Found in wood south of Oslo, Norway.Kjetil Lenes
By SongofJoy
Give a thumbs up
Photo courtesy of: Tom Potterfield
By admin
Give a thumbs up
Photo courtesy of: Tom Potterfield
By admin
Give a thumbs up
Location: RichmondDate: 2015-05-17
By kylaluaz
Give a thumbs up
Date: 2015-06-04
By hazeleyes
Give a thumbs up
Location: DFW, Texas (zone 8)Date: 2016-05-13
By merkuree
Give a thumbs up
Location: Athol, MADate: 2017-06-28Seeds just before leaving their pod.
By joannakat
Give a thumbs up
Location: 5bDate: 2017-09-19Self seeding
By Samlav
Give a thumbs up
Location: Coastal San Diego County Date: 2017-12-20
By carlysuko
Give a thumbs up
Location: Illinois, USDate: 2010-04-27
By molanic
Give a thumbs up
Location: My Northeastern Indiana Gardens - Zone 5bDate: 2011-09-14
By chelle
Give a thumbs up
Location: Canoga Park, CaliforniaDate: 2006-05-19
By Kelli
Give a thumbs up

This plant is tagged in:
Image Image Image Image Image Image Image Image Image Image Image Image Image Image Image Image Image Image Image

Comments:
Posted by SongofJoy (Clarksville, TN - Zone 6b) on Dec 23, 2012 9:10 AM

Only plant these in full sun in zones/areas with cool summers. In warmer climates, give them some shade and keep them out of the path of strong, drying winds.

Viola tricolor is very frost tolerant and prefers cool, moist conditions. Provide rich, moist well-drained soil. A mulch is often helpful. Deadheading can help prolong blooming. Self-seeds.

[ Reply to this comment | Give a thumbs up ]

Posted by SCButtercup (Simpsonville SC - Zone 7b) on Aug 28, 2014 4:58 AM

Has grown in my garden every year since we moved in 9 years ago, and I have never planted it. The previous owners were not gardeners, so it must have blown in or had its seeds deposited by birds. It is a welcome visitor each spring. Not invasive like violets, and very early bloomer. Plant disappears as weather heats up, but reseeds reliably.

[ Reply to this comment | Give a thumbs up ]

Posted by valleylynn (Oregon City, OR - Zone 8b) on Oct 10, 2011 8:40 PM

Common European wild flower, growing as an annual or short-lived perennial.

Known as the Johnny Jump Up (though this name is also applied to similar species such as the Yellow Pansy). It is the progenitor of the cultivated Pansy, and is therefore sometimes called Wild Pansy; before the cultivated Pansies were developed, "Pansy" was an alternative name for the wild form.

It can creep and hoist itself (ramping) as much as a meter into a dense tangle of other growth.

They are hermaphrodite and self-fertile, pollinated by bees. Flowers have been used to make yellow, green and and blue/green dyes.
Reseeds readily.

The plant, especially the flowers, contain antioxidants and are edible.

The first year I planted seed they were all the normal tricolor. Over the years as they have reseeded they have had different combinations of the three colors.

[ Reply to this comment | Give a thumbs up ]

Posted by Marilyn (Kentucky - Zone 6a) on Jun 20, 2012 5:44 PM

One year I planted 24 of these. In a couple of days, one or more wild rabbits ate all of them down to the ground and they never grew and/or bloomed again. I'd like to plant them again, but if I do, I'd have to plant them into a tall container to keep the rabbits from getting to them.

[ Reply to this comment | Give a thumbs up ]

Plant Events from our members
chelle On March 6, 2015 Potted up
(2) two-finger paper
chelle From February 18, 2015 to February 27, 2015 Seeds germinated
Light was not excluded. Seeds germinated in ambient room light.
chelle On February 17, 2015 Seeds sown
Room temp.
Catmint20906 On May 9, 2015 Bloomed
dnrevel On March 24, 2021 Seeds sown
Sown in outdoor pots under cold frame cover.
NOTE: Needs darkness to germinate, so a very thin covering of soil over the seed is recommended.
carlysuko On January 25, 2018 Bloomed
Birds ate most of the ones I planted in the ground, but the ones I planted in a pot around Jasmine sumbac are starting to bloom. 😊
carlysuko On November 13, 2017 Seeds germinated
carlysuko On November 7, 2017 Seeds sown
Seeds sown in three 2" plastic pots with jiffy seed starting mix mixed with perlite, and a humidity dome on top. Covered with a little soil since they need dark to germinate. Obtained seeds from Botanical Interests.
Michelezie On July 5, 2018 Bloomed
KelliW On January 5, 2020 Seeds sown
wintersown outdoors in jug, zone 6b
paleohunter On October 19, 2021 Seeds sown
» Post your own event for this plant

Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
Hardy annuals that bloom in spring and summer in Maryland zone 7b by idreos Apr 5, 2021 5:49 PM 10
OT ~ The Porch Swing ~ Spring 2021 (CLOSED) by Char Jun 21, 2021 5:25 AM 1,475
Banner for May 24, 2020 by TBGDN by TBGDN May 28, 2020 9:26 AM 15
It's quiet around here...what do you all do during the winter months? by Aphria Dec 27, 2018 7:10 AM 21
Plant Trivia by JHeirloomSeeds Apr 12, 2019 8:08 AM 401
Plants and History by Esperanza Jan 23, 2019 5:49 PM 27
Winter Windowsill Gardening by JHeirloomSeeds Jan 6, 2019 4:07 PM 10
Red raspberries by RedRaspberry Apr 18, 2017 4:53 PM 1
Untitled by dwidjaj Mar 12, 2017 4:04 PM 2
Lilies 2017 by dellac Jan 2, 2018 5:38 AM 904

« Add a new plant to the database

» Search the Violas Database: by characteristics or by cultivar name

« See the general plant entry for Violas (Viola)

« The Violas Database Front Page

« The Plants Database Front Page

Today's site banner is by Lucius93 and is called "Winter savory and Bee"

This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply.