PlantsCrotons→Croton (Codiaeum variegatum)

Common names:
Give a thumbs up Croton
Give a thumbs up Joseph's Coat

Botanical names:
Codiaeum variegatum Accepted
Croton variegatus Synonym

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Shrub
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Partial or Dappled Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Slightly alkaline (7.4 – 7.8)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 9b -3.9 °C (25 °F) to -1.1 °C (30 °F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 12
Plant Height: To 10 feet (avg. 3 to 6 feet)
Plant Spread: 2 to 5 feet
Leaves: Unusual foliage color
Other: glossy (to 18 inches long)
Fruit: Other: Approximately 1/3 inch wide capsules containing 2 - 3 seeds.
Flowers: Showy
Flower Color: White
Other: Male flowers are white, female flowers are yellowish-cream
Bloom Size: Under 1"
Flower Time: Spring
Late spring or early summer
Underground structures: Taproot
Suitable Locations: Houseplant
Uses: Windbreak or Hedge
Provides winter interest
Suitable as Annual
Wildlife Attractant: Butterflies
Resistances: Humidity tolerant
Drought tolerant
Toxicity: Leaves are poisonous
Roots are poisonous
Other: Seeds. Contact with sap may cause skin irritations in some individuals.
Propagation: Seeds: Will not come true from seed
Propagation: Other methods: Cuttings: Stem
Cuttings: Tip
Containers: Suitable in 3 gallon or larger
Needs excellent drainage in pots
Miscellaneous: Monoecious


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Posted by plantladylin (Sebastian, Florida - Zone 10a) on Nov 30, 2012 7:08 PM

Although Codiaeum variegatum is a fairly common landscape plant here in Florida and some think of it as a boring ho-hum plant because of its abundance, I love it because of the gorgeous foliage! I grow these lovely plants in full sun and in a chunky, well-draining potting medium. When other plants cease blooming, the colorful foliage of Crotons can't be beat! We sometimes have frosts and freezes during the winter months, so I grow my Codiaeums as container plants. If temperatures are predicted to drop for a short period, I just throw old blankets over them where they stand, but if weather predictions are for prolonged cold or hard freezes, the pots can be moved to a more sheltered location, such as the covered porch or garage.

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Plant Events from our members
piksihk On February 4, 2017 Plant Ended (Removed, Died, Discarded, etc)
killed from freeze
VelveteenVine On August 28, 2018 Potted up
Placed plant in its own pot with new soil
» Post your own event for this plant

Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
This does not look like Croton incanus by plantladylin Aug 14, 2019 8:23 PM 0
What type of plant is this? by plantlife_98 Mar 7, 2021 11:47 AM 2
What's Wrong with my plant :( by Sab9696 Feb 18, 2021 7:55 PM 2
Any insights on this plant/tree welcome by Debo75 Jan 24, 2021 12:17 AM 9
Can you identify which plant this is? by paularies107 Jan 2, 2021 5:57 PM 2
Croton "Golddust by dfmrsf Nov 14, 2020 8:06 PM 15
My Garden Croton is Wilting! by LizzWill391 Oct 7, 2020 4:49 PM 6
my croton petras by Hecman Sep 28, 2020 4:24 PM 4
Croton questions please help by JDizzle Sep 15, 2020 8:32 PM 7
Plant types by slp4 Sep 9, 2020 9:27 AM 3
Croton leaves dropping like flies? by Sapphrikah Aug 23, 2020 1:14 PM 13

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