The Main Plant entry for Artichokes (Cynara scolymus)

This database entry exists to show plant data and photos that apply generically to all Artichokes.

General Plant Information (Edit)
Life cycle: Perennial
Water Preferences: Mesic
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 6a -23.3 °C (-10 °F) to -20.6 °C (-5 °F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 10b
Flower Time: Summer
Uses: Vegetable
Edible Parts: Fruit
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Resistances: Salt tolerant
Pollinators: Moths and Butterflies
Bees

Image
Common names
  • Globe Artichoke

Photo Gallery
Location: My garden
Date: 2021
Artichoke flowers
Location: San Antonio, Texas
Date: 2022-04-04
Location: Muiderslot Castle Garden
Date: 2021-07-27
Location: Muiderslot Castle Garden
Date: 2021-07-27
Location: In my garden

Courtesy Outsidepride
  • Uploaded by Joy

Date: 2013-03-29
Location: RHS Harlow Carr gardens, Yorkshire, England UK 
Date: 2020-11-21
Cynara scolymus
Location: Orange County, California

Date: 2022-05-11
Location: Royal Botanical Garden of Madrid
photo credit: Cillas
Location: Seville, Spain | April, 2023
Date: 2023-04-05
Location: Muiderslot Castle Garden
Date: 2021-07-27
Location: Vineyard, Utah
Date: 2012-04-02
At Vineyard Nursery
Location: Gent, Belgium
Date: 21st April 2008
Along the road side
Location: RHS Harlow Carr kitchen garden
Date: 2018-08-05
Uploaded by Calif_Sue
Location: In my garden
Date: 2013-06-29
The colors glows, much loved by bees, aphids and the ants.
Location: The garden at Sanabria
Date: 2014-09-05
By putting the seed in a jiffy, and the jiffy in a small pot, the

photo credit: Agnes Monkelbaan

Credit NPS
Uploaded by rakami
Location: The garden at Sanabria
Date: 2014-09-05
Four year old seeds popped up in five weeks, only two so far.
Location: The garden at Sanabria
Date: 2014-09-05
Two of the twenty carefully seeded individually potted cynara hav
Location: Cambridge University Botanic Garden
Date: March
credit: Magnus Manske

Date: 2013-04-13

Date: 2013-04-13

Date: 2013-04-13

Date: 2013-08-12
Location: Royal Botanical Garden of Madrid

Courtesy Outsidepride
  • Uploaded by Joy

Courtesy Outsidepride
  • Uploaded by Joy

Date: 2013-03-29
Location: Vineyard, Utah
Date: 2012-04-02
At Vineyard Nursery
Location: Gent, Belgium
Date: 21st April 2008
Uploaded by Calif_Sue
This plant is tagged in:
Image Image

Comments:
  • Posted by Marilyn (Kentucky - Zone 6a) on May 21, 2013 11:10 PM concerning plant:
    "Artichokes can be produced from seeds or from vegetative means such as division, root cuttings or micropropagation. Though technically perennials that normally produce the edible flower only during the second and subsequent years, certain varieties of artichoke can be grown from seed as annuals, producing a limited harvest at the end of the first growing season, even in regions where the plants are not normally winter-hardy. This means home gardeners in northern regions can attempt to produce a crop without the need to overwinter plants with special treatment or protection. The recently introduced seed cultivar 'Imperial Star' has been bred to produce in the first year without such measures. An even newer cultivar, 'Northern Star', is said to be able to overwinter in more northerly climates, and readily survives subzero temperatures.

    Commercial culture is limited to warm areas in USDA hardiness zone 7 and above. It requires good soil, regular watering and feeding, plus frost protection in winter. Rooted suckers can be planted each year, so mature specimens can be disposed of after a few years, as each individual plant lives only a few years. The peak season for artichoke harvesting is the spring, but they can continue to be harvested throughout the summer, with another peak period in midautumn."

    Taken from wikipedia's page at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A...

  • Posted by vic (North Carolina) on Jan 5, 2014 3:42 AM concerning plant:
    Artichokes are susceptible to snails, aphids, and artichoke plum moth.
  • Posted by Mindy03 (Delta KY) on Sep 29, 2011 6:08 PM concerning plant:
    Honey bees get nectar from this plant

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