General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Herb/Forb
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Partial Shade to Full Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 3 -40 °C (-40 °F) to -37.2 °C (-35)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 9b
Leaves: Unusual foliage color
Flowers: Showy
Flower Color: Blue
Other: Mature to blue from pink buds.
Flower Time: Late winter or early spring
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Resistances: Drought tolerant
Propagation: Other methods: Division
Other: Division after flowering or in Fall.
Pollinators: Flies

Common names
  • Soldiers and Sailors
  • Common Lungwort
  • Jerusalem Cowslip
  • Jerusalem Sage
  • Spotted Dog

Photo Gallery
Location: Bea’s Garden
Date: 2023-03-24
Location: Bea's garden
Date: 2021
Location: Riverview, Robson, B.C.
Date: 2009-05-10
 5:55 pm. The changes: from pink to mauve to blue.
Location: Bea’s garden
Date: 2023-04-30
Location: From my garden. Poland.
Date: 2019-03-25
Location: Bea’s garden
Date: 2023-06-13

Date: 2018-04-26
Location: Bea's garden
Date: 2021
Location: Oxfordshire, England
Date: 2016-04-10
Location: In my garden. Poland.
Location: My house 
Date: 2020-04-18
Pulmonaria  officinalis // soldiers and sailors
Location: Oxfordshire, England
Date: 2017-04-02
Location: Riverview, Robson, B.C.
Date: 2009-05-10
 6:46 pm. An intriguing plant.
Location: CZ Sirem My garden
Date: 4000-05-18
Location: My garden in N E Pa. 
Date: 2014-04-29
Location: Columbus, OH
Date: 4-24-2003
Location: Columbus, OH
Date: 4-24-2003
Location: Columbus, OH
Date: 5-6-2004
Location: Mississauga, Ontario, Canada - near Lake Ontario, zone 6a
Date: 2011-04-25
Location: My garden in Belgium
Date: 2009-05-11
Location: My garden in Belgium
Date: 2009-05-11
Location: My garden in Belgium
Date: 2014-06-08
Location: My garden in N E Pa. 
Date: 2009-04-08
Location: my garden, Gent, Belgium
Date: 2009-04-09
Location: my garden, Gent, Belgium
Date: 2006-04-15
This plant is tagged in:

  • Posted by Marilyn (Kentucky - Zone 6a) on May 25, 2013 12:21 AM concerning plant:
    "Pulmonaria officinalis, common names Lungwort , Common Lungwort or Our Lady's Milk Drops, is an herbaceous evergreen perennial rhizomatous plant of the genus Pulmonaria, belonging to the family Boraginaceae.

    The basal leaves are green, cordate, more or less elongated and pointed and always with rounded and often sharply defined white or pale green patches. The upper surface of the leaves has tiny bumps and it is quite hairy. The leaves of this host plant are eaten by the caterpillars of the moth Ethmia pusiella. In spring, the plant produces small bunches of flowers. The 5-petals flowers are red or pink at first, later turn to blue-purple during the anthesis, by changing the pH value inside of the petals. As a matter of fact the flowers contain a dye that belongs to the anthocyanins and change the color from red (acidic) to blue (alkaline). Pulmonaria officinalis is diploid and has the chromosome number 2n = 14. Flowering period extends from March through May and the seeds ripen from May to June. Pollination is granted by insects (entomophily) - mainly bees, bumblebees and butterflies - the spread of seeds over ants.

    This native species is perhaps the most widespread plant in Europe. It is distributed west in the Ardennes up to the Netherlands, Denmark and central Sweden. It is missing in Norway and it is only naturalized in the British Isles. It reaches central Russia and the Caucasus and it occurs in the Balkans and in northern to central Italy.

    It grows in deciduous and beech mixed forests from the lowlands to the mountains. It prefers fresh and shady areas, nutrient-rich and mostly calcareous, stony or pure clay loam soils, at an altitude of 0–1,500 metres (0–4,900 ft) above sea level."

    Taken from wikipedia's page at:

  • Posted by Mindy03 (Delta KY) on Jan 25, 2012 12:46 PM concerning plant:
    Honey bees get pollen from this plant.
Plant Events from our members
lovesblooms On February 26, 2020 Seeds sown
indoors, heat, lights
lovesblooms On February 20, 2018 Seeds sown
MrsBinWY On July 9, 2019 Transplanted
On 7-9-2019, planted 4 seedlings by Ruta graveolens.
MrsBinWY On April 28, 2019 Seeds germinated
MrsBinWY On December 23, 2018 Seeds sown
per Jelitto: 2-4 weeks @ 64-72 degrees; 4-6 weeks @ 25-39 degrees; germinate @ 41-54 degrees - sowed 16 seeds (marked 2018) from bellaluna @ room temp; plan to put on patio ~1-23-19. Put the container outside on 1-22-19.
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