|Sun Requirements:||Partial Shade to Full Shade
|Minimum cold hardiness:||Zone 5a -28.9 °C (-20 °F) to -26.1 °C (-15 °F)
|Plant Height:||3-6 inches|
|Plant Spread:||12 inches|
Other: Leaf pattern variable, from all-silver to all-green. Green with a silver pattern is most common. Leaves grow in early summer and last a year.
|Fruit:||Other: When flowers are fertilized, stem coils so that seed pod rests on ground below leaves.
Other: Flowers are pollinated in summer and fall, and seed ripens next summer.
Other: Blooms for several months in summer and fall.
|Inflorescence Height:||6 inches|
|Foliage Mound Height:||3 inches|
|Uses:||Provides winter interest
|Propagation: Seeds:||Provide darkness
Depth to plant seed: 1/2 inch
Suitable for wintersowing
Other info: Takes a long time to germinate. Seedlings often have different leaf patterns from their parents.
|Containers:||Suitable in 1 gallon
Preferred depth: Just under surface to 6 inches deep
|Posted by Cyclaminist (Minneapolis, Minnesota - Zone 5a) on May 1, 2015 10:56 PM
The European cyclamen is one of two cyclamen species that aren't summer-dormant. The leaves grow in summer, last through the winter, and wither the next summer when another flush of leaves replace them. The flowers are fragrant, with a fragrance similar to Sweet Violet (Viola odorata), more pleasant than the soapy scent of florist's cyclamens. Outdoors, they bloom from June until November, when the freezing temperatures stop them. Not a huge number of flowers at once, but several flowers on each plant for many months. Light magenta with a darker nose is the most frequent color, but white, pink, and deep magenta also occur.
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|Posted by Cyclaminist (Minneapolis, Minnesota - Zone 5a) on May 23, 2016 11:22 PM
In the wild, European cyclamens often grow in beech woods (or so I hear). Beeches often keep some dried leaves on their branches over the winter and drop them in spring (a pattern called marcescence). European cyclamens are well adapted to this pattern: they grow new leaves in summer, after the beech leaves fall, and thus the new cyclamen leaves will be able to grow on top of the fallen beech leaves, rather than being covered by them. The cyclamens might have a harder time growing under other deciduous trees that lose their leaves in the fall, since the fallen leaves would cover the cyclamen leaves and prevent them from photosynthesizing in the spring, and thereby retard their growth and blooming.
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