Goumi (Elaeagnus multiflora)

Common names:
Give a thumbs up Goumi
Give a thumbs up Cherry Silverberry

Also sold as:
Elaeagnus multiflora var. ovata

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Shrub
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Partial or Dappled Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Dry Mesic
Dry
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 4a -34.4 °C (-30 °F) to -31.7 °C (-25 °F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 9a
Plant Height: 6 to 10 feet
Plant Spread: 6 to 10 feet
Leaves: Semi-evergreen
Deciduous
Fruit: Showy
Edible to birds
Flowers: Showy
Fragrant
Flower Color: White
Bloom Size: Under 1"
Flower Time: Spring
Underground structures: Taproot
Suitable Locations: Xeriscapic
Uses: Windbreak or Hedge
Erosion control
Edible Parts: Fruit
Dynamic Accumulator: Nitrogen fixer
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Birds
Butterflies
Resistances: Humidity tolerant
Drought tolerant
Salt tolerant
Propagation: Seeds: Other info: seeds can take 2 years or longer to germinate --- best just buy a plant!
Propagation: Other methods: Cuttings: Stem
Other: stem cuttings with a heel - leave for 12 months
Pollinators: Bees
Miscellaneous: Tolerates poor soil

Goumi Berry close-up

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Comments:
Posted by flaflwrgrl (North Fl. - Zone 8b) on Jun 8, 2013 7:18 PM

Birds go crazy over the fruit & can get into some vicious quarrels over it. The fruit is also edible to man. It has a tart-sweet taste, sort of like pie cherries. Most info. says it is better to make jams & jellies out of it & they say they are superb!
This is a fast-growing shrub. When established, it tolerates drought conditions with aplomb.
The leaves are green on top & silvery underneath (dotted with tiny brown scales), so they flash prettily when blowing in the wind.
A native of China & Japan.
The fruits are very showy, red dotted with tiny silver flecks, obovate, & 1/2 to 1 inch long.
This is a nitrogen-fixing plant & does not require fertilizer. It is said that when it is planted among other fruiting shrubs & trees, the other plants have a higher fruit yield.

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Posted by Newyorkrita (North Shore, Long Island, NY ) on Sep 22, 2013 2:01 PM

I don't think that Goumi is commonly grown. That is a shame as it is a really lovely medium-sized shrub. But best of all is the wonderful scent of the late spring flowers, followed by copious amounts of very tart fruit. The fruit would be great for making jelly, but I just leave mine for the songbirds to eat. Birds visit the Goumi all day long until the fruit is totally gone.

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