General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Strongly acid (5.1 – 5.5)
Moderately acid (5.6 – 6.0)
Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Slightly alkaline (7.4 – 7.8)
Moderately alkaline (7.9 – 8.4)
Plant Height: 6-12 inches
Flowers: Inconspicuous
Bloom Size: Under 1"
Flower Time: Spring
Late spring or early summer
Late summer or early fall
Underground structures: Rhizome
Uses: Erosion control
Suitable for forage
Resistances: Humidity tolerant
Drought tolerant
Salt tolerant
Pollinators: Wind
Miscellaneous: Tolerates poor soil
Goes Dormant

Common names
  • Bermuda Grass
  • Bermudagrass
  • Bahamas Grass
  • Devil's Grass
  • African Couch
  • Star Grass
  • Wire Grass
Botanical names
  • Accepted: Cynodon dactylon
  • Synonym: Cynodon pedicellatus
  • Synonym: Cynodon parviglumis
  • Synonym: Cynodon maritimus var. breviglumis
  • Synonym: Cynodon dactylon var. longiglumis
  • Synonym: Cynodon laeviglumis
  • Synonym: Cynodon maritimus var. vaginiflorus
  • Synonym: Cynodon nitidus
  • Synonym: Cynodon maritimus var. grandispiculus
  • Synonym: Cynodon hirsutissimus
  • Synonym: Cynodon mucronatus
  • Synonym: Cynodon affinis
  • Synonym: Cynodon dactylon var. biflorus
  • Synonym: Cynodon distichloides
  • Synonym: Cynodon dactylon var. aridus
  • Synonym: Cynodon dactylon var. pilosus
  • Synonym: Cynodon maritimus
  • Synonym: Cynodon scabrifolius

Photo Gallery
Location: Mysore, India
Date: 2007-07-25
Location: Mysore, India
Date: 2014-09-16

credit: Prenn
Location: Edinburg, Texas | July, 2023
  • Posted by jathton (Oklahoma City, OK - Zone 7a) on Nov 19, 2019 2:24 PM concerning plant:
    I'm sure there are plenty of gardeners and lawn professionals who will gladly extol the virtues of Bermuda grass. But I have spent my professional career designing and installing residential gardens in Oklahoma City... and my opinion of Bermuda grass falls far short of flattering. I rate the introduction of this grass to the United States right up there with the introduction of Kudzu Vine to the Deep South and Blackberry plants to the Pacific Northwest.
    Please understand I am speaking as a designer of residential gardens. In that capacity I have watched, year after year, as Bermuda grass infiltrated and tried its best to take over any shrub or flower bed I've created. Granted, there are types of garden borders and edging that will temporarily stop this invasion. But time after time the Bermuda grass has eventually won… and the home gardener was faced with trying to eradicate it without killing the plants he wants to keep.
    Bermuda grass, like Kudzu Vine and Blackberries, is amazingly tenacious and invasive. Wikipedia points out its root system "can grow to over 2 metres (6.6 ft) deep, though most of the root mass is less than 60 centimetres (24 in) under the surface. The grass creeps along the ground with its stolons rooting wherever a node touches the ground, forming a dense mat." And I can say from long experience that digging it out of a flower bed inevitably leaves some small root pieces that are more than capable of generating lots of new growth.
    While taking a turf grass science class at Oklahoma State University I spent several class periods listening to the professor introduce us to all the known varieties of lawn grass. When he talked about Bermuda grass he pointed out that millions of dollars had been spent over the years bringing it to America from North Africa and hybridizing and improving it.
    I raised my hand and asked why all that money had not been spent on Buffalo grass… an American native that is much better behaved and much easier to grow and maintain. He ducked answering my question, but after class he pulled me aside and told me he hated Bermuda grass and that the lawn at his home was Buffalo grass. He swore me to secrecy… threatening all manner of painful consequences if I let that story get out. I kept his secret… but in 34 years of designing gardens I never once used Bermuda as the lawn grass on projects.

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