Regional Gardening Reports :: National Gardening Association

In the Garden:
Southern California Coastal & Inland Valleys
August, 2004
Regional Report

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Protect new transplants from intense, late-afternoon sun.

Plotting and Transplanting the Cool-Season Garden

When you plan the layout of your fall and winter gardens, consider which new crops should follow those just removed. Follow heavy feeders (plants that remove a lot of nutrients from the soil) with light feeders, and vice versa.

Heavy Versus Light Feeders
Heavy feeders include beets, broccoli, cabbage, celery, collards, corn, cucumbers, eggplant, endive, escarole, kale, kohlrabi, lettuce, okra, parsley, pumpkins, radishes, rhubarb, spinach, squash, and tomatoes. Light feeders include carrots, chard, garlic, leeks, mustard, onions, parsnips, peppers, potatoes, rutabaga, shallots, sweet potatoes, and turnips.

Some vegetables are more tolerant of salty areas in the garden. If an area has received repeated applications of manure or other concentrated fertilizers, the salt content may be high. Asparagus, beets, kale, and spinach do well under these conditions, but celery, green beans, radishes, strawberries, and most fruits cannot tolerate it. Other vegetables and cantaloupes, figs, and grapes are generally of medium tolerance.

Helping Summer Transplants
Transplant seedlings after they've developed their second set of true leaves. Carefully thin seedlings in growing beds. If you transplant these to another area, they'll be harvestable about a week or two later than the plants left in the original bed, so you'll automatically have consecutive harvests! Transplant seedlings late in the day to reduce heat stress. Create a broad well around each plant and fill it several times with water during the hour after transplanting so the soil is moist a good foot deeper and wider than the rootball.

Shade plants from the intense, late-afternoon sun for a week. Sprinkle plant foliage each morning to keep it hydrated until the roots reestablish enough to keep the fluids moving within the plants. After a week, they should be able to take full sun. Mulch transplants to help the soil retain moisture during the rest of the summer, and add more in October and November for frost protection.

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