Each of our growing areas have such micro climates. My area for one goes into a long hot and very dry condition for 6 to 7 months. Late Fall to early Spring is our rainy mild winter period. But that being said, Jan and Feb tests a lot of the endurance of my succulents from cold overnights.
So far on my side, succulents under the Crassula group handles the extremes of our weather here.
Echeverias do quite well here provided I move them in part sun/shade when the long hot amd dry days are here.
Sempervivums sadly does not grow so well here. They can easily get pan fried by our heat, or bolt quickly. They quickly go dormant once temps goes into the high 90's. Our summers are dry, zero rainfall so humidity is just so lousy. Oftentimes, I maybe able to grow them from Fall to early Spring..beyond that they get fried.
Haworthias and Gasterias do well here outdoors year round, but must be positioned in part sun/shade. Morning sun is best. Thankfully my garden has natural cover from the canopy of city trees..but that being said, when temps exceed 95F into triple digits, even the most drought tolerant plant needs to be given good watering at a timely interval. This year has been so dry..so hot, that I even have to move some succulents under the garden umbrella.
Adeniums, Plumerias, Yucca, Beaucarnea recurvata, Cycads endures our triple digit dry weather here very well, provided I also step up watering. Plumerias and Adeniums though are quite cold sensitive, so got to be mindful of overnight temps. Adeniums typically go dormant during the winter season..so when outdoor temps starts to go below 50F it is time for indoor safekeeping. But I still position them by our south facing window, and watering reduced less to none as winter ensues.
There are many types Plumerias, and some needs more humidity and moisture. It has been trial and error for me to find out which cultivar likes my area. I have to admit I got lazy briging it in and out during its winter dormancy period here, plus it got too tall to move, so I just made sure the media is gritty and porous enough and have positioned it in the sunniest side of our garden, so it can get all the sun and heat it loves. Winter is always a critical time so it may suffer from some black tip issues. I just prune those off and allow it to naturally air dry.
Sedums and Senecios can tolerate our conditions here, but they languish during the hot and dry days.
Cooler and dry weather seems to be the preference of most succulents. Less stressful for them heat-wise. By cooler temps, that is in the range of 65F to 85F.
A lot of times, it will require trial and error to find out which succulent will thrive here..each season, every year is different now. So go to be ready to reposition them and adjust watering as needed. For the most part, new plants that I try out, I feel more comfortable when I see their origin is from South Africa. Those varieties ably adjusts and grows well here in my area. I also try not to get new plants in summer. It will be to late for them to adjust to our extreme heat here. Ideally, I try to get cuttings or if I find new ones, I prefer to do that in Spring to allow time for the plants to acclimate.
Aeoniums goes ratty and dormant here during the summer months. They bounce back towards Fall. So I have learned to chop and get cuttings towards Fall.
Euphorbias handles the dry weather here nicely but may get heat stressed so I try to position them in part sun/shade. Always with a gritty, porous media. I also try to bring all the euphorbias indoors during winter. Sometimes I push the envelope as far as I can. If it continues to be dry and cool outdoors down to 40F, I may let them stay outside a bit longer. If some I cannot bring indoors during winter, then I will just position them as close to the house as possible. That way they get some heat being released by the house or some protection from the cold air depending where it blows. It will be in Mother Nature's hands to water them if the rain comes in winter.
At most 30F is still tolerable to most succulents as long as they get to stay dry or dry out as fast as it can.
At 20F range, expect poor to no survival for most succulents.
I grew up for 28 years in a tropical.country and at that time I was more accustomed with tropical.plants. Anyways, now that I know which are succulents or needs better handling as succulents, when I used to visit back home, I try to educate my friends to use gritty material for succulents. The standard soil used there is loam soil, very rich and really good for many tropical.plants. Lately flash flood/excessive rainfall has been occuring and I was told at one time some areas in my home city was flooded for a month. The only inground plant that survived surprisingly were Sansevierias. So the last time I went home, most gardens have Sans as their plant of choice.
It was my mistake here to not consider the temp. I almost killed one container full of Sans, leaving them outdoors in the rain. I forgot to consider winter temps...ooops, so many of them rotted, but I was able to salvage some and it took almost a year to revive them. That was a hard lesson for me...so consider watering and the ambient temperature.
Hope that helps when anyone chooses whichever succulent you want to grow. Good luck!