As far as disease resistance is concerned, if I were you, I would purchase any Kordes rose from 2002 to date. In reference to both disease resistance and fragrance, based on my own experience, I would purchase Dark Desire, Golden Fairy Tale, Pink Enchantment, Laguna (climber) and Roberta Bondar (climber).
Others that are fragrant and I have had good luck with include the following:
Double Delight, Chrysler Imperial, & Reine de Violettes.
Peace and Fragrant Cloud are fragrant and I have had them for over 15 yrs. but they have had black spot occasionally over the years. However, they do recover quickly without spraying.
All of the above roses mentioned are grafted.
I think if I had to deal with a windy climate, before planting the rose I would secure a wooden stake in the ground as a safety precaution. The stakes I am referring to are 1" x 1" and come in various lengths. For example 4', 5', 6' etc.
Drought??? Rain barrels, I guess and deep watering with a hose (not overhead watering). Mulch.