Welcome to ATP Lovestogrow46.
Not knowing what species you are growing, my experiences may not apply to you.
I live just north of Houston and have grown many kinds of succulents since 1981. Now a days, my collection is mostly made up of Euphorbia caudiciforms
and caudex growing plants of all kinds.
These plants are outside when Spring temperatures are above 40°F until temperatures start dropping into the low 40°'s and frost is in the forecast. They are in mostly sun to mostly shade, depending on the species. During the Winter they are indoors(l don't have a greenhouse), and get watered hardly at all, depending on the species. Some plants might get a little water 2 or 3 times in the 4 to 5 months they are inside.
Over the years, l have learned terra-cotta pots work best for me. Seldom do l use glazed or plastic pots. And my soil mix is very fast draining. I add lots of perlite and crushed pumice, into bagged potting soil. The mix is about 30% soil for most of my plants. If a plant isn't thriving l make adjustments to the amount of sun and the soil mix.
The plants do well during the days of heavy rains. They also can dry up real quick when it doesn't rain, because of the soil mix l use and the clay pots. During the hot, sunny days, depending on the size of pot and plant, l water daily.
I hope this may help you. And again