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As a comment about Intermediate Bearded Iris (Iris 'Bless You'), grannysgarden wrote:

The information about this iris shows an introduction date of 2014, before a registration date of 2016. Is that correct? Can an iris be introduced to the public before it is registered?
Name: Kent Pfeiffer
Southeast Nebraska (Zone 5b)
Charter ATP Member I was one of the first 300 contributors to the plant database! Plant Database Moderator Plant Identifier Region: Nebraska Celebrating Gardening: 2015
Forum moderator Garden Sages Garden Ideas: Master Level Irises Million Pollinator Garden Challenge
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KentPfeiffer
Jun 8, 2017 9:50 AM CST

Plants Admin

The short answer is yes.

There is no requirement to register an iris with AIS before introducing it into commerce. For whatever reason, it's a bit of a pattern with Iris Sisters Farm. At least three of their seven irises were introduced a year or two before they were registered.

Just the other day, while updating the database with information from the 2016 registrations, I came across an iris that had apparently been in commerce since 1952, but wasn't registered until 2016. Shrug!
Name: Bonnie Sojourner
Harris Brake Lake, Arkansas (Zone 7a)
Magnolia zone
Region: United States of America Region: Arkansas Master Gardener: Arkansas Irises Plant and/or Seed Trader Moon Gardener
Garden Ideas: Master Level Dragonflies Bulbs Garden Art Celebrating Gardening: 2015 Gardens in Buckets
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grannysgarden
Jun 8, 2017 11:23 AM CST
WOW! Then what happens if someone sells an iris with a particular name, lets say 'A', and does not register it, then before they register it another hybridizer, not knowing that there is an iris already named 'A' in circulation, registers their new iris as 'A'?
Who plants a seed beneath the sod and waits for growth believes in God. ~~Unknown
Name: Kent Pfeiffer
Southeast Nebraska (Zone 5b)
Charter ATP Member I was one of the first 300 contributors to the plant database! Plant Database Moderator Plant Identifier Region: Nebraska Celebrating Gardening: 2015
Forum moderator Garden Sages Garden Ideas: Master Level Irises Million Pollinator Garden Challenge
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KentPfeiffer
Jun 8, 2017 12:18 PM CST

Plants Admin

Well, AIS won't register more than one iris under any given name. So, the person in your example who introduced an iris without registering it would have to either

a) register it and sell it under a different name (and presumably explain to their customers why its name was changed)

or

b) keep selling it under the original name as an unregistered iris.

I didn't say it is a good idea, merely that it can, and does, happen. No plant society, AIS included, can compel anyone to do anything. Breeders and sellers follow the rules (or not) because they believe it's in their own interests to do so.

Here's an example: Tall Bearded Iris (Iris 'Rock Around the Clock') was originally listed in the Stout Gardens catalog under the name 'Madame Butterfly' (you can still see the name in the upper right corner of the picture). However, the registrar rejected that name as being too similar to Tall Bearded Iris (Iris 'Madam Butterfly'). If Lowell Baumunk and Stout Gardens really wanted to sell it under the name Madame Butterfly, they certainly could have, although AIS wouldn't have registered it under that name. They chose to change the name, presumably because selling unregistered irises is bad for their business.

AIS typically lets you know if your registration applications have been accepted or not in mid-January each year. I believe that's why most commercial growers wait until late January or February to publish their catalogs and update their websites.
Name: Bonnie Sojourner
Harris Brake Lake, Arkansas (Zone 7a)
Magnolia zone
Region: United States of America Region: Arkansas Master Gardener: Arkansas Irises Plant and/or Seed Trader Moon Gardener
Garden Ideas: Master Level Dragonflies Bulbs Garden Art Celebrating Gardening: 2015 Gardens in Buckets
Image
grannysgarden
Jun 8, 2017 2:33 PM CST
Thank you for responding to my query Kent. I can't imagine the chaos if all of the hybridizers decided to follow this practice. The next time I see confusing intro and registration dates I will not think it is a typo.
Who plants a seed beneath the sod and waits for growth believes in God. ~~Unknown

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