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Nov 22, 2017 2:28 AM CST
|What is a Mangos ?
Amazing Unknown Benefits Of Mangos are the succulent, aromatic fruits of an evergreen tree (Mangifera indica), a member of the cashew family (Anacardiaceae) of flowering plants. Botanically, mangos is a drupe, consisting of an outer skin, a fleshy edible portion, and a central stone enclosing a single seed – also called stone fruit, like plum, cherry, peach. Mangos flavor is complex, and may be dominated by the compounds that characterize peaches and coconuts (lactones), generically fruity esters, medicinal or even terpenes, and caramel notes.
A ripe mangos is known to be 14% sugar by weight and 0.5% acid by weight, with a sugar acid ratio of 28.
Generally the sweeter a fruit is, the tastier it is; but even a sweet fruit will seem one-dimensional without some counterbalancing acidity. The vanilla aroma notes in fresh mangos rounds out the flavor and makes it more complex.
Mangos History & Culture
• The mangos is thought to have originated over 5,000 years ago in the Hindo-Berma region, which extends from eastern India and southern China across Southeast Asia.
• Mangos seeds traveled from Asia to the Middle East, East Africa and South America beginning around 300 or 400 A.D.
• The cultivation of mangos began slowly moving westward with the spice trade. The Portuguese, who landed in Calcutta in 1498, were the first to establish a mangos trade.
• Spanish explorers brought mangos to South America and Mexico in the 1600's.
• Mangos is a staple in the cuisines in all of the tropical and subtropical countries where it's grown, from Southeast Asia to South America.
• There are over 1,000 different mangos varieties grown throughout the world.
• The first attempt to introduce the mangos into the U.S. came in 1833 to Florida. The mangos has had a tumultuous history in Florida, due primarily to weather, minimizing the commercial production of the fruit in the early 1990's.
• A very small percentage of fresh mangos available commercially in the U.S. are grown in south Florida and southern California.
Health Benefits of Mangos
Mangos is effective in relieving clogged pores of the skin.
Mangoes are one of the best sources of the phyto-nutrients: betacarotene, quercetin and astragalin.
These are powerful antioxidants that neutralise free radicals.
Mangos is a rich source of vitamin A(beta-carotene), E and Selenium which help to protect against heart disease and other ailments.
The phenolic compound found in mangoes has been found to have powerful antioxidant and anticancer properties.
Being high in iron, mangos is said to be very good for pregnant women as well as for people suffering from anemia.
Mangos is believed to be effective in relieving clogged pores of the skin.
The vitamin A (beta-carotene), vitamin E and selenium present in mangoes provide protection against heart disease.
Mangoes have been found to be quite helpful in treating acidity and poor digestion.
The anti-inflammatory properties of mangos might help alleviate asthma symptoms.
Mangoes are a great source of pectin, a soluble dietary fibre.
One small mangos provides a quarter of your recommended daily allowance for vitamin C, nearly two thirds of your daily quota for vitamin A, good amounts of vitamin E and fibre. They also contain vitamin K, phosphorus and magnesium. Mangoes are particularly rich in potassium which can help reduce the risk of high blood pressure.
Pectin Lowers Cancer Risk
Mangoes also contain pectin, a soluble dietary fibre, which has been shown to lower blood cholesterol levels. Recently, scientists at The Institute for Food Research, discovered that a fragment released from pectin binds to, and inhibits galectin 3, a protein that plays a role in all stages of cancer progression. Other population studies, including the European Prospective Investigation of Cancer, have identified a strong link between eating lots of fibre and a lower risk of cancers of the gastrointestinal tract.
Mangos are a considered a 'high volume' food which means you get a lot of food for a relatively small amount of calories – one mangos contains around 135 calories. However, they are quite high in natural sugar with one mangos containing around 30g.
Antioxidant Properties of Mangos
Nowadays, particular attention is paid to nutrients capable of counteracting oxidative stress. A certain number of reactive oxygen species, or ROS, including superoxide anions, hydroxyls, and hydrogen peroxide, are produced in the human body. Some of them, such as superoxide anions and hydrogen peroxide, are physiologically generated during the electron transfer in the mitochondrial respiratory chain. Other species, as the hydroxyl radical, one of the more dangerous ROS, is produced by the Fenton reaction, causing the oxidation of Fe2+ to Fe3+ These derivatives of oxygen, highly unstable and particularly reactive, oxidize atoms or organic molecules, especially cell components such as proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids.
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