Does the spot receive full sun, part sun, shade? Is it dry?
Butterflies like all sorts of flowers. I don't have experience with Orioles, except at feeders. On your list, Cardinal Flower and Columbine are the ones that I see hummingbirds visit the most, of the plants that I happen to grow. Columbine will prefer partial shade. These plants are commonly available in garden centers (although the Columbine will be hybrid, and I'm not sure they are always as attractive to the hummers as the species, but your experience may differ), so just ask at whatever one you frequent. Impatiens also attract hummers (my parents grow a lot, and see hummers visit them), are a shade plant, and are commonly available. The first 2 are perennial, so they'll come back every year, but will have a shorter blooming period. The impatiens are annuals, so you'd have to replant them every year, but they'll bloom all summer. If you have full sun, you have lots of choices, and it really depends on what look you find attractive.
Anyway, this gives you a little more food for thought before making a decision
I'd suggest visiting your local nursery or garden center with your list, read the plant tag to see if it grows in your site (these sometimes also list if they attract butterflies, etc) and grab a few that are there that you like the looks of to start.