Trees and Shrubs forum→Chamaecyparis obtusa [Hinoki falsecypress]

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Name: Frank Richards
Clinton, Michigan (Zone 5b)

Garden Ideas: Master Level Celebrating Gardening: 2015 Plant Identifier
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frankrichards16
Nov 25, 2018 10:11 AM CST
The species grows 50-75 feet high and 10-20 feet wide. Broad somewhat pyramidal shape. A native of Japan & Taiwan. Orange-brown cones are 1/3 to 1/2 inch in diameter. Prefers sun to partial shade, moist/well drained soil and wind protection. Modern translation of Hinoki is fire tree, it was used to make fire by friction. However, in preliterate Japan, Hinoki meant "cypress." This translation probably makes more sense. Also of note, Hinoki was historically an important building material in Japan with some structures lasting 1000 years or more.

More interesting for the Gardner are the plethora of dwarf cultivars and varieties. Here is one I have growing in my garden:

Chamaecyparis obtusa 'Filicoides', Common Name: Fernspray Cypress or Hinoki Cypress, Size: 10x4ft., Small, 8-scaled, greenish -brown (female) to orange brown (male) cones., USDA Hardiness Zone 4.

Moss-green, fernlike foliage of graceful arching form. It is densely branched, slow growing pyramidal form with gracefully curved limbs. In Japan, hinoki means fire tree. Filicoides means fern-like. Planted 2011, some winter damage 2013-14-15. Dull winter color. Has a slow growth and irregular habit. This specimen is only 3.5x3.5 feet in 2018 (~8 years old).

Notice the brownish dead needles at the base of many of the branches. I have noticed this trait in many Hinoki cultivars. Looks like it is on fire. So, that is my explanation of why it is called "fire tree"

Name: Sherry Austin
Santa Cruz, CA (Zone 9a)
Region: California Irises Keeper of Poultry Roses Dragonflies Birds
Bulbs Foliage Fan Photo Contest Winner: 2015
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Henhouse
Nov 27, 2018 9:51 PM CST
That's one I've always been interested in growing. Although I have interior browning on the the cultivars I grow, they are denser forms. I always attributed it to being in the interior, and not getting any light... On the open form you show, that is clearly not the problem. Thanks for the post.
The surest sign that intelligent life exists elsewhere in the universe is that it has never tried to contact us.
Name: Frank Richards
Clinton, Michigan (Zone 5b)

Garden Ideas: Master Level Celebrating Gardening: 2015 Plant Identifier
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frankrichards16
Dec 1, 2018 6:37 PM CST
Chamaecyparis obtusa 'Kosteri', Common Name: Dwarf Japanese Hinoki Cypress hiˈnōkē, Size: 3x2ft., Olive green, slight yellow in Winter, USDA Hardiness Zone 5 or 4

Netted leaves. Slow growing plant that never needs pruning. Has a little yellow winter color on flat sprays. Grows 3-4in./year. Found in Holland ~1915 in Boskoop by the Koster & Sons Nursery. Needs partial shade. Obtusa means blunt. Planted 2013. Only ~ 10 inches in 2018. Does not look like it will reach 3 feet in 10 years.

Name: Frank Richards
Clinton, Michigan (Zone 5b)

Garden Ideas: Master Level Celebrating Gardening: 2015 Plant Identifier
Image
frankrichards16
Dec 7, 2018 4:58 PM CST
Chamaecyparis obtusa 'Verdoni', Common Name: Dwarf Hinoki Cypress, Size: 3x2ft., Yellow-Green, orange bronze in Winter, USDA Hardiness Zone 4.

Dwarf Japanese Hinoki Cypress. Leaves are yellow-green on a conical upright habit. Leaves orange-bronze in winter. Does not burn in full sun. Plant was introduced in 1966 by Rogers Nursery, England. Sun to partial shade. Planted 2013. Physical damage 2015.

Name: Frank Richards
Clinton, Michigan (Zone 5b)

Garden Ideas: Master Level Celebrating Gardening: 2015 Plant Identifier
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frankrichards16
Dec 10, 2018 8:52 AM CST
Chamaecyparis obtusa 'Ceramic', Common Name: Dwarf Japanese Hinoki Cypress, Size: 6x3ft., Orange gold in Winter, USDA Hardiness Zone 5.

Gold leave on stems that come to points. Plant dwarf growing about 4 to 6 inches a year in a conical upright shape. Does well in sun, can take shade. Aka Lynn's Golden Ceramic, Golden Christmas & Chrismas Tree Ceramic. Chamaecyparis means false cypress. Planted 2013. Died in 2018.

Name: Frank Richards
Clinton, Michigan (Zone 5b)

Garden Ideas: Master Level Celebrating Gardening: 2015 Plant Identifier
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frankrichards16
Dec 14, 2018 10:47 AM CST
Chamaecyparis obtusa 'Lemon Twist', Common Name: Dwarf Japanese Hinoki Cypress, Size: 2x2ft., Twisted lemon yellow needles, USDA Hardiness Zone 5, Michigan Bloom Month --

A dwarf, bright lemon yellow, fasciated variety of Japanese Hionki Cypress. Plant grows about 2-4 inches a year with contorted cockscombed growth. Needs partial shade to protect very bright foliage. Color more yellow than the golden form `Golden Whorl' . Planted in Partial shade.

Name: Frank Richards
Clinton, Michigan (Zone 5b)

Garden Ideas: Master Level Celebrating Gardening: 2015 Plant Identifier
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frankrichards16
Dec 16, 2018 9:49 AM CST
Chamaecyparis obtusa 'Willamette Elegance', Common Name: Large Japanese Hinoki Cypress, Size: 10x7ft., Green needles, USDA Hardiness Zone 5

A green upright form of Japanese Hinoki. Rich green leaves on a strong growing tree. Horizantal branches almost flow over the one below it. Amature specimen will measure 10 feet tall and 6 feet wide in 10 years. Annual growth rate of ~12 inches.

If you ask someone from Oregon how to pronounce it, their response would be Wil-AM-mit, dammit.

Name: Frank Richards
Clinton, Michigan (Zone 5b)

Garden Ideas: Master Level Celebrating Gardening: 2015 Plant Identifier
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frankrichards16
Dec 19, 2018 8:42 AM CST
Chamaecyparis obtusa 'Torulosa', Common Name: Dwarf Twisted Hinoki Cypress, Size: 5x4ft., Red barked twisted branches, USDA Hardiness Zone 4,

Hinoki means fire tree. Semi-dwarf. Upright cone. 5x4 ft in 10 years. Thick green twisted flattened branches (fasciataed). Similar to 'Coralliformis' and 'Tsatsumi'. Winter damage common.

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