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Fort Wayne, Indiana (Zone 5a)
Dec 19, 2015 11:26 AM CST
Quatro Milpas
"Landrace Chile"
Grown in the mountain village of Quatro Milpas, Sonora. Fleshy and smooth-skinned. Ripe fruits are dark brownish red. Mild heat. Each bush could have various sizes and shapes.
The Quatro Milpas is called landrace because the peppers are grown and collected by individual families, and these specific “races” are tied to the land area they where they have been grown for decades or hundreds of years. The areas where farmers still grow the landraces are Northern NM in high elevation villages (approximately 6,000 feet above sea level) that have very secluded fields and short growing seasons. While land-race varieties are genetically distinct from commercial chile cultivars, there is evidence that cross-pollination has occurred between the landrace-types and commercial cultivars, potentially threatening the distinction of these varieties.
Capsicum: Annuum
Origin: USA
PI: 653622
Scoville units: 500-2500
Type: mixed, Anaheim/New Mex
Uses: drying, fresh salsas, powder
Taste: intense deep flavor, paprika like
Fruit color & size: green > dark red, 5-6"
Fruit position & shape: pendant, elongate
Plant height: 18-24 in. (45-60 cm)
Maturity: 75-80 days
Habit: sturdy, tree-like bush
Germ. time: 2-6 weeks @ 75-90°

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