The Main Plant entry for Basils (Ocimum)

This database entry exists to show plant data and photos that apply generically to all Basils.

Common names
  • Basil

Photo Gallery
Location: Jacksonville, TX
Date: 10/21/2020

Date: 2022-11-12
Location: SoCal
Date: 2019-02-26
Location: Garland (Dallas), TX
Date: 2015-06-28
Thai Basil
Location: Brownstown Pennsylvania
Date: 2015-09-08
Location: The Natural State (Arkansas)
Date: 2020-04-17
Uploaded by Mefforde
Location: Darwell Rolling Woods, Alberta
Date: 2016-09-03

Date: 2012-10-14

Date: 2012-10-14

Date: 2019-09-19
Location: The Natural State
Date: 2019-09-02
Location: Arkansas
Date: 2019-08-06
Finally! After trying many times to grow from seed, found this tu

Date: 2013-09-18

Date: 2019-08-28

Date: 2019-08-28

Date: 2019-08-28

Date: 2019-08-28

Date: 2019-08-28

Date: 2019-08-28

Date: 2019-08-28

Date: 2019-09-19
This plant is tagged in:
Image Image

  • Posted by Marilyn (Kentucky - Zone 6a) on May 22, 2013 8:25 PM concerning plant:
    "Ocimum is a genus of about 35 species of aromatic annual and perennial herbs and shrubs in the family Lamiaceae, mostly native to the tropical and warm temperate regions of the Old World.

    Some species include:

    Ocimum americanum (syn. O. canum) is a native of tropical Africa.

    Ocimum basilicum, or sweet basil, a culinary herb. Most culinary and ornamental basils are cultivars of this species and there are many hybrids between species.

    O. basilicum var. thyrsiflora, or Thai basil, is a common ingredient in Thai cuisine, with a strong flavour similar to aniseed, used to flavour Thai curries and stir-fries.

    Ocimum campechianum, or Amazonian basil, is a South American variety often utilized in ayahuasca rituals for its smell which is said to help avoid bad visions.

    Ocimum centraliafricanum, known for growing in soil so rich in copper that nothing else can survive.

    Ocimum gratissimum, also known as African basil, or Wild basil in Hawaii, where it has naturalized.

    Ocimum tenuiflorum (syn. O. sanctum), commonly called Holy Basil or Tulsi, is a sacred herb in India, used in teas, healing remedies, and cosmetics. The plant is worshiped as dear to Vishnu in some sects of Vaishnavism. It is also used in Thai cooking.


    Ocimum × citriodorum, or Lemon Basil, a hybrid between O. americanum and
    O. basilicum, is noted for its lemon flavour and used in cooking.

    Ocimum kilimandscharicum × basilicum 'Dark Opal'

    Ocimum species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Endoclita malabaricus."

    Taken from wikipedia's page at:

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