Silver Birch (Betula pendula)

Common names:
Give a thumbs up Silver Birch
Give a thumbs up European White Birch
Give a thumbs up Warty Birch
Give a thumbs up Irish Beith

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Tree
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Wet Mesic
Dry Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 2 -45.6 °C (-50 °F) to -42.8 °C (-45°F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 6b
Plant Height: 20 to 40 feet in landscapes; to 100 feet in the wild in Europe
Plant Spread: 20 to 30 feet, to 50 feet in the wild
Leaves: Deciduous
Fruit: Other: brown seed
Fruiting Time: Late spring or early summer
Flowers: Inconspicuous
Other: catkins
Flower Color: Brown
Flower Time: Spring
Uses: Shade Tree
Dynamic Accumulator: P (Phosphorus)
Pollinators: Wind
Miscellaneous: Tolerates poor soil


Dulwich Park - A Queens Park but Not a Royal Park (Part 1)Dulwich Park - A Queens Park but Not a Royal Park (Part 1)
May 18, 2010

Dulwich was known to exist as a hamlet in 967AD and the word Dulwich in old English literally means "where dill grows." In the later Victorian era 'American Gardens' were becoming popular so an "American Garden' was designed in 1887 and opened to the public in 1890. Queen Mary enjoyed her visits here to see the Rhododendrons and Azaleas; she in fact made an annual visit every year in May! Although a much loved park by Queen Mary, it is not a Royal Park like our eight Royal Parks in and around London.

(Full article31 comments)
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Posted by NEILMUIR1 (London\Kent Border) on May 3, 2013 7:09 PM

This tree is planted everywhere!

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Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Jul 18, 2018 7:48 PM

The European White Birch is common in its native northern Europe. It has been used in landscaping in eastern North America. It used to be more commonly used in the Midwestern and Eastern US back in the 1950's into the 1980's than now. The biggest reason is that it easily gets stressed by hot temperatures (over 85 degrees F) and drought, and then is killed off by the Bronze Birch Borer when about 20 years old, which happens mostly in USDA Zones 5 & 6. This American native insect attacks stressed or dying birches first at the top and works its way down, leaving D-shaped black exit holes and making some little bumps on the bark. The European White Birch is a very pretty tree that has somewhat of a weeping habit as its scientific name (Betula pendula) suggests. Its small triangular leaves get to about 3 inches long x 1.5 inches wide and turn an average or poor yellow in the fall. Its white bark is tight and not peeling like Paper Birch. (The Gray Birch that is native to southeast Canada and the northeastern US is similar, but with larger leaves of 3.5 inches long x 2 inches wide and having a much longer apex (leaf tip); has an irregular habit that is not as weeping; eventually gets some gray bands on the bark; and is resistant to heat and drought.)

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Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
Help with IDing a tree by Cmorrow Aug 10, 2016 10:50 AM 1
Eastern Cottonwood (Populus deltoides); growing in my lawn by Catmint20906 Aug 7, 2015 9:57 PM 19
Tree id needed by threegardeners Jun 7, 2012 8:07 AM 28
is this an elm or not by Bonsaigirly Oct 13, 2011 4:19 AM 5

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