General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Herb/Forb
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 5a -28.9 °C (-20 °F) to -26.1 °C (-15 °F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 10b
Plant Height: 1-4 feet
Plant Spread: 2-4 feet
Fruit: Edible to birds
Flowers: Showy
Flower Color: Bi-Color: White and pink.
Bloom Size: Under 1"
Flower Time: Spring
Late spring or early summer
Late summer or early fall
Underground structures: Rhizome
Suitable Locations: Xeriscapic
Bog gardening
Uses: Erosion control
Will Naturalize
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Resistances: Deer Resistant
Drought tolerant
Propagation: Seeds: Self fertile
Other info: This plant self seeds.
Propagation: Other methods: Cuttings: Tip
Stolons and runners
Other: This plant spreads like wildfire.
Pollinators: Self

Common names
  • American Germander
  • Canadian Germander
  • Germander
  • Canada Germander
  • Hairy Germander
  • Wood Sage

  • Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Jul 9, 2020 7:38 PM concerning plant:
    I just discovered this species as a colony in a park in a shady area not far from a pond and creek in southeast Pennsylvania. It has a large native range through all of the continental 48 states and southern Canada from the Atlantic to the Pacific. It is a member of the Mint Family and the leaves are aromatic but are bitter to eat. Its leaves were used for making some bitter medicinal teas, but it was found out the it contains a lot of a chemical of neoclerodane diterpenoid that can cause liver damage. I think it is a pretty woodland wild flower and I was pleasantly surprised to find it. It forms colonies by spreading by rhizomes and self-sowing, so one must be careful to use it in a more natural garden. Its 2-lipped pink to pale pink flowers, typical of mints, are not fragrant, but make good cut flowers, and they attract pollinators as: long-tongued bees, hummingbird moths, and hummingbirds. Prairie Moon Native Plant Nursery sells the tiny light brown rounded seed.

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