Lily Of The Valley (Convallaria majalis) in the Lilies of the Valley Database

Common names:
Give a thumbs up Lily Of The Valley
Give a thumbs up European Lily of the Valley
Give a thumbs up Our Lady's Tears
Give a thumbs up May Bells

Botanical names:
Convallaria majalis Accepted
Convallaria majalis var. majalis Synonym

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Herb/Forb
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Partial or Dappled Shade
Partial Shade to Full Shade
Water Preferences: Wet
Wet Mesic
Dry Mesic
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 2 -45.6 °C (-50 °F) to -42.8 °C (-45°F)
Plant Height: 6-12 inches
Plant Spread: 9-12 inches
Leaves: Fragrant
Fruit: Showy
Flowers: Showy
Flower Color: White
Bloom Size: Under 1"
Flower Time: Spring
Underground structures: Rhizome
Uses: Erosion control
Cut Flower
Will Naturalize
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Resistances: Tolerates dry shade
Toxicity: Leaves are poisonous
Roots are poisonous
Fruit is poisonous
Other: All parts of plant are poisonous.
Propagation: Seeds: Self fertile
Suitable for wintersowing
Can handle transplanting
Propagation: Other methods: Division
Pollinators: Self
Containers: Suitable in 1 gallon
Suitable in 3 gallon or larger
Miscellaneous: Tolerates poor soil
Goes Dormant
Awards and Recognitions: RHS AGM
Other: National Flower of Finland


Photo gallery:

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Posted by Marilyn (Northern KY - Zone 6a) on May 20, 2013 8:47 PM

"Convallaria majalis commonly known as the Lily of the Valley, is a sweetly scented (and highly poisonous) woodland flowering plant that is native throughout the cool temperate Northern Hemisphere in Asia, Europe and in the southern Appalachian Mountains in the United States.

C. majalis is a herbaceous perennial plant that forms extensive colonies by spreading underground stems called rhizomes. New upright shoots are formed at the ends of stolons in summer, these upright dormant stems are often called pips. These grow in the spring into new leafy shoots that still remain connected to the other shoots under ground, often forming extensive colonies.

Convallaria majalis is a popular garden plant, grown for its scented flowers and for its ground-covering abilities in shady locations. It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. In favourable conditions it can form large colonies.

All parts of the plant are highly poisonous, including the red berries which may be attractive to children. If ingested—even in small amounts—the plant can cause abdominal pain, vomiting, and a reduced heart rate."

Taken from wikipedia's page at:

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Posted by Ispahan (Chicago - Zone 6a) on Nov 7, 2011 10:25 AM

One of my favorite plants for its amazing spring fragrance. It can be a bit invasive at times, but never unpleasantly so. Nothing is more welcome than its sweet fragrance when in bloom!

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Posted by yurikashtanov (St.Petersburg, or Sochi, or North Smolensk reg., Russia; Los Frailes, Ecuador - Zone 10a) on Jan 9, 2013 5:28 PM

All parts of the plant are poisonous. However, the plant is used in traditional herbal medicine.

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Posted by Bonehead (Planet Earth - Zone 8b) on Aug 22, 2014 1:18 PM

Useful as an early spring groundcover with a lovely fragrance, but gets rather ratty looking toward end of summer. Can be a bit invasive, but it is easy to pull the pips (to plant elsewhere or share with others). I find I have to thin it out every couple of years as it becomes overcrowded, with fewer blooms. Likes some shade, so makes a good understory to shrubs and trees.

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Posted by Catmint20906 (Maryland - Zone 7a) on Aug 23, 2014 2:08 PM

Here in Maryland, Lily of The Valley (Convallaria majalis) blooms in late May. It is a lovely, sweetly fragrant flower which has colonized rapidly by rhizomes in my zone 7a garden. It prefers moist soil in shady areas, and the delicate blooms wilt quickly in direct sun. The foliage declines significantly over the summer and can be cut back for the season.

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Posted by robertduval14 (Mason, New Hampshire - Zone 5b) on Sep 19, 2016 9:57 PM

National flower of Finland.

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Plant Events from our members
aspenhill On May 10, 2017 Obtained plant
NGA David and Pat (greenthumb99 and ecnalg) - qty lot; IB
aspenhill On May 7, 2016 Obtained plant
NGA Ric (RicM) - qty 1; HSG Area 6
aspenhill On May 7, 2016 Obtained plant
NGA Kurt (krobra) - qty 1; HSG Area 5
aspenhill On May 7, 2016 Obtained plant
NGA Ric and Holly (HollyAnnS) - qty 1; HSG Area 5
aspenhill On May 16, 2015 Obtained plant
DG David (greenthumb99) and Pat (ecnalg) - qty lot; X-FIB
aspenhill On May 9, 2015 Obtained plant
DG Ric and Holly (HollyAnnS) - qty 5; CLB
aspenhill On May 31, 2014 Obtained plant
DG Ric and Holly (HollyAnnS) - qty 1; CG
aspenhill On May 31, 2014 Obtained plant
DG Judy (buttoneer) - qty 1; CG
aspenhill On April 26, 2014 Obtained plant
DG David and Pat (greenthumb99 and ecnalg) - qty lot; HSG Area 6
Catmint20906 On May 4, 2015 Bloomed
bisbeegirl On April 29, 2016 Bloomed
First blooms on Lily of the Valley. Wonderful scent.
bisbeegirl On April 19, 2016 Bloomed
Immorality still blooming. Beautiful full, perfectly white multiple blooms. Still buds and blooms. Earliest bloom recorded.
lovesblooms On April 27, 2016 Obtained plant
from trade; multiple rhizomes
» Post your own event for this plant

Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
Untitled by growitall May 13, 2014 8:22 PM 2
Untitled by growitall May 9, 2014 10:15 PM 0
Untitled by growitall May 25, 2014 2:30 PM 2
Lily of the Valley (Convallaria Majalis) planting tips please! by 41bluets Jan 25, 2019 5:58 AM 3
Need suggestions by ge1836 Apr 11, 2018 9:02 AM 5
First summer in new house by UpInMaine May 18, 2017 1:09 PM 6
Could we revisit the thumbnail photos? by Bonehead Apr 6, 2017 6:09 AM 7
Fall Swap Haves and Wants Thread by Catmint20906 Sep 9, 2016 9:21 PM 201
What Plant Varieties Are You Going To Get In 2016? by Marilyn May 27, 2016 6:22 PM 82
ground cover under pine trees by TexasGardner Jul 10, 2015 5:19 PM 8
African Blood Lily (Scadoxus multiflorus); offshoot by gingin Jun 11, 2015 8:37 PM 39
Mystery poison ivy, contact dermatitis rash by purpleinopp Oct 11, 2014 11:23 AM 24

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