General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Herb/Forb
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Dry Mesic
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 3 -40 °C (-40 °F) to -37.2 °C (-35)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 9b
Plant Height: 2-3 feet
Plant Spread: Vast in a few years; plant 18 inches apart at first
Leaves: Semi-evergreen
Other: Coarse
Fruit: Edible to birds
Flowers: Showy
Flower Color: Yellow
Other: golden yellow with brown cones
Flower Time: Summer
Late summer or early fall
Other: Deadhead faded flowers to ensure more flowering throughout the season.
Underground structures: Rhizome
Suitable Locations: Xeriscapic
Uses: Provides winter interest
Cut Flower
Will Naturalize
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Resistances: Deer Resistant
Rabbit Resistant
Drought tolerant
Salt tolerant
Propagation: Seeds: Provide light
Needs specific temperature: 65-85 degrees
Days to germinate: 30-120
Depth to plant seed: surface sow
Suitable for wintersowing
Sow in situ
Start indoors
Can handle transplanting
Propagation: Other methods: Cuttings: Stem
Cuttings: Root
Stolons and runners
Other: Divide in spring
Containers: Suitable in 3 gallon or larger
Needs excellent drainage in pots
Awards and Recognitions: Other: 2007 Great Plant Picks award winner; 1999 PPA Perennial Plant of the Year

Common names
  • Black Eyed Susan
  • Black-Eyed Susan
  • Sullivant’s Coneflower

Photo Gallery

Location: Pacific Northwest
Date: 8/22/2005
Location: Granite Falls, WA
Date: 2013-10-21
Location: Des Plaines, IL
Date: August

Date: 2014-08-12
Location: Vermont
Date: 2010-09-21
Location: IL
Date: 2008-08-01
Location: Menton, France
Date: 2016-10-20
great for a dry climate
Location: In my garden, Falls Church, VA
Date: 2017-08-07
Location: Greenwood, MN
Date: 2011-08-14

Date: August
credit: Hedwig Storch
Uploaded by Frenchy21

Date: 2012-07-28
Location: Oxfordshire, England
Date: 2018-08-23
Location: Clinton, Michigan 49236
Date: 2017-08-10
"Rudbeckia fulgida var. sullivantii 'Goldsturm',  [Black Eyed Sus
Location: central Illinois
Date: 8-1-19
Location: West Jefferson, North Carolina
Date: 2023-07-31
Location: My garden, Cedarhome, Washington
Date: 2009-10-18
Fall color
Location: Mentor on the Lake
Date: 2018-08-13
Location: Menton, France
Date: 2017-07-20
Location: central Illinois
Date: 8-3-19
Location: South Jordan, Utah, United States
Date: 2020-08-03
Location: Plano, TX
Date: 2016-07-16
Location: Granite Falls, WA
Date: 2017-08-26
Location: Menton, France
Date: 2016-08-07
Location: Ashton Gardens
Date: 2020-08-17
A bunch of yellow black Eyed Susan
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2017-12-18

Date: 2/15/15
Location: Virginia
Date: 2012-08-02
Location: Plano, TX
Date: 2016-08-11
Uploaded by DianeSeeds
Location: Garden
Date: 2017-07-22
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2009-07-29
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2017-10-09
w/ wasp
Location: Loki Schmidt Garten - Botanischer Garten der Universität Hamburg
Date: 2022-09-13
Location: Loki Schmidt Garten - Botanischer Garten der Universität Hamburg
Date: 2022-09-13

Date: 2019-08-16
Location: University of Tartu Botanical Gardens, Estonia 
Date: 2022-08-23
Location: Northwest N.J.
Date: 2012-09-09

Date: 2012-08-06
Location: Menton, France
Date: 2016-08-03
Location: Stockbridge, GA
Date: 2016-07-23

Date: 2014-08-12
Location: Pacific Northwest zone 8
Date: Aug 22, 2009
Uploaded by Anderwood
Location: Plano, TX
Date: 2016-07-16

Image Courtesy of Bloomin Designs Nursery Used with Permission
  • Uploaded by vic
Location: Cedarhome, Washington
Date: 2014-04-18
Emerging in spring
Location: Manitoba, Canada
Date: 2016-08-13
Location: Garden
Date: 2017-10-22

Date: 2013-08-16
Location: South Jordan, Utah, United States
Date: 2018-06-03
Wierd mutant flower thingy.
Location: Cincinnati, Ohio
Date: July 2011
Rudbeckia Goldsturm

Date: Jul 8, 2011 8:54 AM
Location: University of Tartu Botanical Gardens, Estonia 
Date: 2022-08-23

Date: 2014-08-12
Location: Clinton, Michigan 49236
Date: 2017-07-20
"Rudbeckia fulgida var. sullivantii 'Goldsturm',  [Black Eyed Sus
Location: Mississauga
Date: 2009-08-05
Location: Toronto, On
Date: 2009-08-30
Location: Vermont
Date: 2014-05-14
Location: Lower Saxony, Germany
Date: August
credit: Christian Fischer

Courtesy Crownsville Nursery
  • Uploaded by vic

Date: 2016-08-21
Photo courtesy of Santa Rosa Gardens. Used with permission.
Location: Vermont
Date: 2013-08-10
Location: Mississauga, Ontario, Canada - near Lake Ontario, zone 6a
Date: 2010 August

Date: 2013-08-17

Photo Courtesy of Lazy S'S Farm Nursery.
  • Uploaded by Joy

Date: 2013-08-16

Date: 2013-08-16

Date: 2013-08-16

Date: 2012-07-28

Date: 2012-07-28

Date: 2012-07-28
Location: Virginia
Date: 2012-08-02

Date: Jun 28, 2011 11:59 AM
Location: Virginia
Date: 2012-08-02

Date: 2014-08-12

Date: 2014-08-12

Date: 2013-08-08
Location: Clinton, Michigan 49236
Date: 2016-08-14
"Rudbeckia fulgida var. sullivantii 'Goldsturm',  [Black Eyed Sus

Date: 2012-08-06
Location: My yard on north side.
Date: 2011-07-09
Location: Stockbridge, GA
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  • Posted by Bonehead (Planet Earth - Zone 8b) on Sep 16, 2014 4:16 PM concerning plant:
    Unlike others, I have not yet experienced a problem with Goldsturm being too aggressive, but rather have been actively dividing it in the spring to encourage a bigger swath. Nice bright gold fall bloomer that does not require staking (a deal breaker in my garden). I let the seedheads stand through winter for the birds. Sturdy enough plant to be used as a front support for Crocosmia 'Lucifer' and the two bold colors blend well together.
  • Posted by kqcrna (Valencia, Pa - Zone 6a) on Oct 30, 2011 6:04 AM concerning plant:
    Perennial plant of the year in 1999. If you can't grow anything else, you can grow this plant. It provides bright sunny flowers for weeks in late summer. Its spread is relatively fast and the clump grows dense flowers within a few years. Divide and share with friends every 2 or 3 years.

    Deer and rabbits have never eaten mine in the 5 years or so that I have gown this plant. It is also very drought tolerant. It attracts butterflies, and birds enjoy the seeds. Wintersows well. It is a long-lived perennial that loves the heat here in my zone 6 yard.

    Compared to rudbeckia hirta, blossoms of Goldsturm are smaller, but more profuse, and overall height is shorter. It is much longer-lived than the hirtas. Its stems are strong and they stand up well to heavy rain and wind.
  • Posted by Newyorkrita (North Shore, Long Island, NY ) on Sep 29, 2011 5:28 PM concerning plant:
    The most common form of Black Eyed Susan and usually available in any local nursery. Goldfinches will eat the dried seeds from the seedheads if you do not cut them.
  • Posted by jmorth (central Illinois) on Nov 12, 2011 2:52 AM concerning plant:
    One of the longest blooming perennials around. Expands yearly. Seems insect and disease free. Mid summer mainstay in/of the garden. Recommended.
    PPA - Plant of the Year 1999.
  • Posted by Marilyn (Kentucky - Zone 6a) on Apr 28, 2013 12:38 AM concerning plant:
    Black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia fulgida var. sullivantii 'Goldsturm')....

    I have planted this plant in two different cities and both times I had to get rid of it. At each place, it overtook the area and got too large for me.

    In the first city I just got rid of it, and in the city where I garden now I gave the whole plant to my next-door neighbor, who wanted it and whose garden is right behind me.

    My neighbor who lives directly across the street from me has it in a front yard garden and her plant keeps multiplying into an area where she doesn't want it, so I remind her to cut the stems back when it's full of seed heads.

    It's a great plant, but not for me. Just give it space to grow. It spreads by rhizomes.
Plant Events from our members
christine2 From June 1, 2008 to October 1, 2015 Plant Ended (Removed, Died, Discarded, etc)
NikkiGerena On June 20, 2017 Seeds sown
MrsBinWY On June 28, 2019 Transplanted
On 6-28-2019, planted 3 plants from Zumo near 'Mary Francis' iris seedlings.
MrsBinWY On August 11, 2018 Potted up
MrsBinWY On May 28, 2018 Seeds germinated
MrsBinWY On January 21, 2018 Seeds sown
WS 16 seeds from Lakeside
lovesblooms On February 24, 2018 Seeds sown
winter sown
girthworm On March 1, 2022 Plant Ended (Removed, Died, Discarded, etc)
Weed-wacked to the ground and covered in mulch by the landscaping guys :sob:
girthworm On May 31, 2018 Obtained plant
variegatagal On April 19, 2022 Maintenance performed
variegatagal On April 18, 2022 Transplanted
variegatagal On March 8, 2021 Maintenance performed
variegatagal On September 21, 2020 Transplanted
variegatagal On September 14, 2020 Obtained plant
Shades of Green Frisco
paleohunter On April 24, 2022 Potted up
MuseLea On April 16, 2022 Obtained plant
The Plant Man
SuperHappyCamper On March 7, 2024 Obtained plant
Purchased from WM.
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Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
Great wasp !!!!! by Valery33 Feb 7, 2020 7:12 PM 1

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